Medical Terminology Part 3 Flashcards Preview

NHS HOSA Bowl 2014 > Medical Terminology Part 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Terminology Part 3 Deck (167):
1

phagist-:

Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word

2

-phagy

Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word

3

phallo-

phallus

4

pharmaco-

drug, medication

5

pharyng(o)-

Of or pertaining to the pharynx, the upper throat cavity

6

-phil(ia)

attraction for

7

phleb(o)-

Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein

8

-phobia

exaggerated fear, sensitivity

9

phon(o)-

sound

10

phos-

Of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. See the common root phot(o)- below.

11

phot(o)-

Of or pertaining to light

12

phren(i)-, phren(o)-, phrenico

the mind

13

phyt-

to grow

14

piri-

Pear

15

-plasia

formation, development

16

-plasty

surgical repair, reconstruction

17

-plegia

paralysis

18

pleio-

more, excessive, multiple

19

pleur(o)-, pleur(a)

Of or pertaining to the ribs

20

-plexy

stroke or seizure

21

pneum(o)-

Of or pertaining to the lungs

22

pneumat(o)-

air, lung

23

pod-, -pod-, -pus

Of or pertaining to the foot, -footed

24

-poiesis

production

25

polio-

Denoting a grey color

26

pollic-

thumb

27

poly-

Denotes a 'plurality' of something

28

por(o)-

pore, porous

29

porphyr(o)-

Denotes a purple color

30

post-

Denotes something as 'after' or 'behind' another

31

pre-

Denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time)

32

presby(o)-

old age

33

prim-

Denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important'

34

pro-

Denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time)

35

proct(o)-

anus, rectum

36

prosop(o)-

face

37

prot(o)-

Denotes something as 'first' or 'most important'

38

pseud(o)-

Denotes something false or fake

39

psych(e)-, psych(o)

Of or pertaining to the mind

40

pterygo-

Pertaining to a wing

41

psor-

Itching

42

-ptosis

falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse

43

-ptysis

(a spitting), spitting, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes

44

pudend-

loins, pubic region

45

pulmon-, pulmo-

Of or relating to the lungs.

46

pyel(o)-

pelvis

47

pykno-

to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death)

48

py(o)-

pus

49

pyr(o)-

fever

50

quadr(i)-

four

51

radio-

radiation

52

re-

again, backward

53

rect(o)-

rectum

54

ren(o)-

Of or pertaining to the kidney

55

reticul(o)-

net

56

retro-

backward, behind

57

rhabd(o)-

rod shaped, striated

58

rhachi(o)-

spine

59

rhin(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nose

60

rhod(o)-

Denoting a rose-red color

61

-rrhage

burst forth

62

-rrhagia

rapid flow of blood

63

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

64

-rrhea (AmE)

flowing, discharge

65

-rrhexis

rupture

66

-rrhoea (BrE)

flowing, discharge

67

rubr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain

68

-rupt

Break or burst

69

salping(o)-

Of or pertaining to tubes e.g. fallopian tubes

70

sangui-, sanguine-

Of or pertaining to blood

71

sarco-

muscular, fleshlike

72

sarping(o)-

uterine tubes

73

schist(o)-

split, cleft

74

schiz(o)-

Denoting something 'split' or 'double-sided'

75

scler(o)-

hard

76

-sclerosis

hardening

77

scoli(o)-

twisted

78

-scope

instrument for viewing

79

-scopy

use of instrument for viewing

80

scoto-

darkness

81

semi-

one-half, partly

82

sial(o)-

saliva, salivary gland

83

sigmoid(o)-

sigmoid, S-shaped curvature

84

sinistr(o)-

left, left side

85

sinus-

Of or pertaining to the sinus

86

sito-

food, grain

87

somat(o)-, somatico-

body, bodily

88

-spadias

slit, fissure

89

spasmo-

spasm

90

sperma-, spermo-, spermato-

semen, spermatozoa

91

splanchn(i)-, splanchn(o)-

viscera

92

splen(o)-

spleen

93

spondyl(o)-

Of or pertaining to the spine, the vertebra

94

squamos(o)-

Denoting something as 'full of scales' or 'scaly'

95

-stalsis

contraction

96

-stasis

stopping, standing

97

-staxis

dripping, trickling

98

sten(o)-

Denoting something as 'narrow in shape' or pertaining to narrowness

99

-stenosis

abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure

100

steth(o)-

Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest, the area above the breast and under the neck

101

stheno-

strength, force, power

102

stom(a)

mouth

103

stomat(o)-

Of or pertaining to the mouth

104

-stomy

creation of an opening

105

sub-

beneath

106

super-

in excess, above, superior

107

supra-

above, excessive

108

sy, syl-, sym-, syn-, sys-

Indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; Assimilates before some consonants: before l to syl-, s to sys-, before a labial consonant to sym-.

109

tachy-

Denoting something as fast, irregularly fast

110

-tension, -tensive

pressure

111

tetan-

rigid, tense

112

thec-

case, sheath

113

thel-

Of or pertaining to a nipple [uncommon as a prefix]

114

thely-

Denoting something as 'relating to a woman, feminine'

115

therap-

treatment

116

therm(o)-

heat

117

thorac(i)-, thorac(o)-, thoracico-

Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck

118

thromb(o)-

Of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood

119

thyr(o)-

thyroid

120

thym-

emotions

121

-tic

pertaining to

122

toco-

childbirth

123

-tome

cutting instrument

124

-tomy

act of cutting; incising, incision

125

tono-

tone, tension, pressure

126

-tony

tension

127

top(o)-

place, topical

128

tort(i)-

twisted

129

tox(i)-, tox(o)-, toxic(o)-

toxin, poison

130

trache(a)-

trachea

131

trachel(o)-

Of or pertaining to the neck

132

trans-

Denoting something as moving or situated 'across' or 'through'

133

tri-

three

134

trich(i)-, trichia, trich(o)-

Of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure

135

-tripsy

crushing

136

-trophy

nourishment, development

137

tum-

tumour

138

tympan(o)-

eardrum

139

-ula, -ule

small

140

ultra-

beyond, excessive

141

umbilic-

Of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus

142

ungui-

Of or pertaining to the nail, a claw

143

un(i)-

one

144

ur(o)-

Of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system; (specifically) pertaining to the physiological chemistry of urine

145

ureter(o)-

ureter

146

urethr(o)-, urethr(a)-

urethra

147

uri(c)-, urico-

uric acid

148

urin-

Of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system

149

uter(o)-

Of or pertaining to the uterus or womb

150

vagin-

Of or pertaining to the vagina

151

varic(o)-

swollen or twisted vein

152

vas(o)-

duct, blood vessel

153

vasculo-

blood vessel

154

ven-

Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein (used in terms pertaining to the vascular system)

155

ventr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the belly; the stomach cavities

156

ventricul(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ventricles; any hollow region inside an organ

157

-version

turning

158

vesic(o)-

Of or pertaining to the bladder

159

viscer(o)-

Of or pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera

160

vulv-

vulva

161

xanth(o)-

Denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow color

162

xen(o)-

Foreign, different

163

xer(o)-

dry, desert-like

164

-y

condition or process of

165

zo(o)-

animal, animal life

166

zygomatic

cheek

167

zym(o)-

fermentation