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Flashcards in Medication and the Elderly Deck (15)
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1
Q

What are the most common drug classes that are prescribed to adults?

A

Psychotropic and Anti-inflammatory

2
Q

Reasons for medication complications in the elderly

A
Physiological changes
		Medication interactions
		Polypharmacy
		Multiple medication effect
		Non-compliance
3
Q

Absorption

A

The process by which a drug is transferred from its site of entry into the body to the bloodstream.

4
Q

Normal gastric pH

A

1-4

5
Q

How does CHF effect medications?

A

Absorption rate is slower due to decreased blood flow.

6
Q

Common things that affect distribution of a drug are

A
Body composition changes
		Decreased total body water
		Increased body fat
		Decreased lean body mass
		Decreased albumin sites
		Increased body fat
		Decreased cardiac output
		Impaired peripheral blood flow
		Cardiac and Renal function
7
Q

What is the main thing to consider when administering medications to pediatrics?

A

Must have an acurate body weight.

8
Q

Primary site for drug metabolism

A

Liver

9
Q

The process of removing a drug or its metabolites from the body

A

Excretion

10
Q

GI blood flow _______ in the elderly.

A

Decreases

11
Q

There are _____ protien binding sites in the elderly which causes ______ free drug.

A

Fewer; excess

12
Q

______ cardiac output (CHF), _____ perfusion of the drug to the organs.

A

Decreased, slows

13
Q

Impaired peripheral blood flow

A

causes slow healing because it takes longer for the drug to reach the site of infection.

14
Q

Polypharmacy

A

using many meds whether they are prescribed or not.

15
Q

Noncompliance

A

Deliberate misuse of medications