Medication Sheet Flashcards Preview

Fall 2014 - Pharm Cardio > Medication Sheet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medication Sheet Deck (61):
1

Chlorthalidone Drug Category

Thiazide diuretic

2

Chlorthalidone Trade Name

Thalidone

3

Chlorthalidone Use

HTN, HF

4

Chlorthalidone Dosage

12.5-25 mg qday

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Chlorthalidone Contraindications

-anuria
-hypersensitivity to chlorthalidone

6

Chlorthalidone Adverse Effects

-hypokalemia, hypomagnesia
-hyperuricemia, hyperglycemia
-may cause mild cholesterol or TG increase

7

Furosemide Drug Category

Loop diuretic

8

Furosemide Trade Name

Lasix

9

Furosemide Use

HTN, HF

10

Furosemide Contraindications

-hypersensitivity to Furosemide
-anuria

11

Furosemide Adverse Effects

-hypokalemia, hypomagnesia
-overdiuresis
-metabolic alkalosis

12

Atenolol Drug Category

Beta blocker (cardio-selective, beta 1 only)

13

Atenolol Trade Name

Tenormin

14

Atenolol Use

HTN, angina, ACS, arrhythmias

15

Atenolol Dosage

25-100 mg qday

16

Atenolol CIs

-pts with bradycardia, heart block, sinus node dz
-caution in pts w/ uncontrolled heart failure

17

Atenolol Adverse Effects

-fatigue, insomnia, depression, nightmares
-bradycardia
-ED
-decreased HDL, increased TG
-masks hypoglycemia
-may aggravate asthma

18

Lisinopril Drug Category

ACE inhibitor

19

Lisinopril Trade Name

Prinivil, Zestril

20

Lisinopril Use

HTN, HF

21

Lisinopril Dosage

5-40 mg qday

22

Lisinopril CIs

-CI in 2nd and 3rd tri of pregnancy
-hypersensitivity to lisinopril
-angioedema

23

Lisinopril Adverse Effects

-hyperkalemia
-cough, hypotension, rash, angioedema
-acute renal failure in pts w/ bilateral renal artery stenosis or dehydration

24

Amlodipine Drug Category

calcium channel blocker, dihyropyridine class

25

Amlodipine Trade Name

Norvasc

26

Amlodipine Use

HTN, angina

27

Amlodipine Dosage

2.5-10 mg qday

28

Amlodipine CIs

hypersensitivity to Amlodipine

29

Amlodipine Adverse Effects

-tachycardia
-HA, dizziness, peripheral edema
-eczema in elderly

30

Atorvastatin Drug Category

statin

31

Atorvastatin Trade Name

Lipitor

32

Atorvastatin Use

dyslipidemia

33

Atorvastatin Dosage

10 mg qday

34

Atorvastatin CIs

-preg category X and lactation
-active or chronic liver dz
-concomitant use of CSA, gemfibrozil, niacin

35

Atorvastatin Adverse Effects

-hepatic toxicity
-myopathy
-neuropathy
-HA
-small increased risk DM
-reversible cognitive effects

36

Fenofibrate Drug Category

fibric acid

37

Fenofibrate Trade Name

Tricor

38

Fenofibrate Use

dyslipidemia

39

Fenofibrate CIs

-hepatic or severe renal dysfunction
-pre-existing gallbladder dz

40

Fenofibrate Adverse Effects

-GI complaints most common (nausea, diarrhea)
-can increase bile lithogenicity
-fatigue, HA, rash

41

Spironolactone Drug Category

K+ sparing diuretic (aldosterone antagonist)

42

Spironolactone Trade Name

Aldactone

43

Spironolactone Use

HTN, HF

44

Spironolactone CIs

-anuria
-acute renal insufficiency
-Addison's dz
-concomitant use of eplerenone

45

Spironolactone Adverse Effects

-hyperkalemia when given with K+ supplement or ACE inhibitors
-gynecomastia

46

Digoxin Drug Category

anti-arrhythmic, HF

47

Digoxin Trade Name

Digox, Lanoxin

48

Digoxin Use

-a fib
-heart failure

49

Digoxin CIs

-hypersensitivity to digoxin or digitalis
-v fib

50

Digoxin Adverse Effects

-hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia
-new arrhythmias

51

Nitroglycerin SL Drug Category

vasodilator

52

Nitroglycerin SL Trade Name

Nitrolingual

53

Nitroglycerin SL Use

angina, ACS

54

Nitroglycerin SL Dosage

0.4 mg up to 3x

55

Nitroglycerin SL CIs

-hypotension
-R side heart failure
-phosphodiesterase drugs
-erectile dysfunction drugs

56

Nitroglycerin SL Adverse Effects

-HA
-flushing
-hypotension
-syncope

57

Warfarin Drug Category

anticoagulant

58

Warfarin Trade Name

Coumadin

59

Warfarin Use

-venous thromboembolism
-A fib
-stroke/TIA
-acute MI
-hypercoagulable state

60

Warfarin CIs

-preg cat X
-pts at increased risk of hemorrhage
-alcoholism
-surgery, dental work
-spinal anesthesia/injections
-noncompliance w/ drug therapy
-LOTS of drug interactions

61

Warfarin Adverse Effects

-hemorrhage
-skin necrosis (rare)
-purple toe syndrome
-LOTS of drug interactions