Flashcards in Medicial Renaissance Deck (11):
Why was there a greater interest in how the human body worked?
Because of observation and dissection
What did some artists do?
Dissected human corpses and created illustrations for medical books
Describe the work of Vesalius
- He studied the body's anatomy.
- He proved Galen wrong (said there were NO holes in the septum of the heart)
- He encouraged doctors to dissect bodies like he did.
What was the name of the book Vesalius wrote and what did it include in it?
'The Fabric of the Human Body'
...it had detailed illustrations of the body in it
Describe the work of Pare
- He was an army surgeon
- He treated sword and gunshot wounds
- He discovered that egg yolk + oil helped heal wounds better than previous methods
- He used LIGATURES (silk threads used to tie blood vessels together after amputation)
Describe the work of Harvey
- He discovered the circulation of blood (proved Galen wrong)
- He identified the difference between arteries and veins
- He was King James the 1st's surgeon (highly influential/important)
What did people realise from the 'Great Plague of 1665' when the Black Death reappeared ?
That the Plague/Black Death was contagious
At this moment in time, did people understand about germs causing disease?
How did the Great Fire of London in 1666 manage to help?
The fire killed some of the Plague bacteria
What factors affected progress during the Medical Renaissance?
The Printing Press - new ideas spread rapidly
Artists drawing from real life - new anatomy books
People wanted to learn how to read and challenged old medical ideas (Eg Galen's incorrect idea about holes in the hearts septum)