Medicine-Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

History > Medicine-Middle Ages > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine-Middle Ages Deck (29):
1

Superstition

Belief not based on knowledge but in supernatural like God, witchcraft and astrology.

2

Purging

To rid the body of an excess like blood or vomit

3

Leeching

Using leeches for bloodletting

4

Cupping

Using glass cups to draw blood to the surface

5

Fasting

Avoiding eating or drinking

6

Pilgrimage

A journey to a religious shrine and relics to show live of God and to cure illness

7

Mass

Public worship in a Roman Catholic Church

8

Astrology

Study of the planets and effect on humans

9

Miasma

“Bad air” which was blamed for spreading disease

10

Apothecary

Medieval pharmacist or chemist

11

Wise woman

Female healer used herbal remedies

12

Vademecum

Medieval medical book carried by doctors

13

Urine chart

Used to examine urine to define illness

14

Physician

A male medically trained doctor

15

Barber surgeon

Untrained surgeon who practiced basic surgery

16

Dissection

To cut open a human and examine the insides

17

Epidemic

Widespread outbreak of a disease

18

Amulet

Charm that brought “protection” from a disease

19

Black Death

Bubonic plague

20

Monastery

Building where monks live, eat and pray

21

1250-1500

13th - 16th century / Middle Ages

22

1123

Britain’s first hospital St. Bartholomews (London)

23

1348

Black Death kills 1/3 of England’s population

24

1350

Average life expectancy is 35 years old

25

1388

Parliament passes first law requiring streets and rivers to be kept clean

26

What did people think caused the Black Death?

Punishment from God, Bad air/smells (Miasma), Planets, 4 Humours, Outsiders (Jews) and Brightly coloured Clothes

27

How did people treat the Black Death?

Popped buboes (frog/red got poker), Prayed for help/forgiveness, Punishes themselves, Lit candles, put bread on/around popped buboes (then bury the bread), Purging or Bloodletting (if you survived long enough, Herbal remedies and strapping toads, pigeons or chickens to buboes.

28

How did people try to prevent getting the Black Death?

Didn't allow strangers into their villages, purify air with good smells (herbs/fires), prayer, burying the dead, flagellation (whipping), carrying charms, isolation, burning barrels of tar or smelling worse smells

29

How did living conditions contribute to the spread of the Black Death?

The streets were dirty and full of human waste and carts of plague victims were pushed through the streets