Flashcards in Medicine Deck (29):
Belief not based on knowledge but in supernatural like God, witchcraft and astrology.
To rid the body of an excess like blood or vomit
Using leeches for bloodletting
Using glass cups to draw blood to the surface
Avoiding eating or drinking
A journey to a religious shrine and relics to show live of God and to cure illness
Public worship in a Roman Catholic Church
Study of the planets and effect on humans
“Bad air” which was blamed for spreading disease
Medieval pharmacist or chemist
Female healer used herbal remedies
Medieval medical book carried by doctors
Used to examine urine to define illness
A male medically trained doctor
Untrained surgeon who practiced basic surgery
To cut open a human and examine the insides
Widespread outbreak of a disease
Charm that brought “protection” from a disease
Building where monks live, eat and pray
13th - 16th century / Middle Ages
Britain’s first hospital St. Bartholomews (London)
Black Death kills 1/3 of England’s population
Average life expectancy is 35 years old
Parliament passes first law requiring streets and rivers to be kept clean
What did people think caused the Black Death?
Punishment from God, Bad air/smells (Miasma), Planets, 4 Humours, Outsiders (Jews) and Brightly coloured Clothes
How did people treat the Black Death?
Popped buboes (frog/red got poker), Prayed for help/forgiveness, Punishes themselves, Lit candles, put bread on/around popped buboes (then bury the bread), Purging or Bloodletting (if you survived long enough, Herbal remedies and strapping toads, pigeons or chickens to buboes.
How did people try to prevent getting the Black Death?
Didn't allow strangers into their villages, purify air with good smells (herbs/fires), prayer, burying the dead, flagellation (whipping), carrying charms, isolation, burning barrels of tar or smelling worse smells