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Flashcards in Menopause Deck (10):
1

predominating ostrgoen in premenopausal women

 

Oestradiol

2

ostrogen produced by fat

 

Oestrone 10x less potest that ostrodial

3

Types of HRT and when they are appropriate

Ostrogen only - appropriate w/ hysterectomy as emdometrial cancer not an issue

sequential combined HRT - menopause sx but still have periods, helps for regular bleeding. This involves cont ostrogen and courses of progesterone

continuous combimed HRT - post menopausal (1 year after last period). Involves cont progesterone and ostrogen

4

cancer caused by ostrogen

endometrial and ovarian (if unopposed)

5

cancer caused by progesterone

breast and cervical

6

definition of menopause

1 year after last period

7

why do we get menopause

You run out of eggs in your ovaries to ovulate. This leads to high levels of FSH and LH as there is not -ve feedback from eggs (oestrogen and progesterone). 

8

average age of menopause

51-52

9

ago of premature menopause

40

10

SEs of HRT

 Headaches/migraine

 Mood swings

  Leg cramps

 Depression

 Abnormal vaginal bleeding

 Fluid retention and bloating

 Breast tenderness

 Acne

 Lower abdominal pain and backache

  Dyspepsia