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Flashcards in Mental Health Deck (50):
1

Affect

A person's affect is the expression of emotion or feelings displayed to others through facial expressions, hand gestures, voice tone, and other emotional signs such as laughter or tears.

2

Antidepressants

drugs are used to alleviate the symptoms of depression and are also sometimes used to treat other psychological disorders, including anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, and some eating disorders.

3

Anti social personality disorder

also known as psychopathy, sociopathy, dissocial personality disorder, or dyssocial personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a diagnosis applied to persons who routinely behave with little or no regard for the rights, safety, or feelings of others.

4

Anxiety/ anxiety disorders

are a group of mental disturbances characterized by anxiety as a central or core symptom. Although anxiety is a commonplace experience, not everyone who experiences it has an anxiety disorder.

5

Apathy

can be defined as an absence or suppression of emotion, feeling, concern or passion. Apathy is an indifference to things generally found to be exciting or moving.

6

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

is a chronic developmental disorder characterized by attention problems, including distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors, and the inability to remain focused on tasks or activities.

7

Autism

is a complex developmental disorder distinguished by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and behavioral problems, including repetitive behaviors and narrow focus of interest.

8

Behavior therapy or behavioral modification

is an empirically based psychological treatment approach founded on the principles of operant conditioning. The goal is to replace undesirable behaviors with more desirable ones through positive or negative reinforcement of adaptive behavior.

9

Biofeedback

or applied psychophysiological feedback is a patient-guided treatment that teaches an individual to control muscle tension, pain, body temperature, brain waves, and other bodily functions and processes through relaxation, visualization, and other cognitive control techniques.

10

Bipolar disorder

formerly known as manic depression is a psychiatric disorder characterized by severe and unusual changes in energy level, mood, and interactions with others.

11

Body image

is a mental opinion or description that individuals have of their own physical appearance. It is a subjective concept, based on comparisons to socially constructed standards or ideals.

12

Cognitive behavior therapy

(CBT) is an action-oriented form of psychosocial therapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and negative emotions. The treatment focuses on changing individuals' thoughts (cognitive patterns) in order to change their behavior and emotional state.

13

Delusion/ delusional disorders

is a psychotic condition characterized by recurrent or persistent non-bizarre delusions, without other obvious symptoms of mental illness. Delusions are false beliefs, based on a mistaken interpretation of reality.

14

Depression

is the general name for a family of illnesses known as depressive disorders. As an illness, depression can affect not only the personal mood and internal thoughts of a person, but also the outwardly physical functions of affected individuals.

15

Ego

is that portion of the personality that imposes realistic limitations on the id.

16

Emotional intelligence

ability to perceive and constructively act on both one's own emotions and the feelings of others.

17

Empathy

The capacity to vicariously experience and understand the thoughts and feelings of another person by putting oneself in that person's place.

18

Extroversion

A term used to characterize people who are typically outgoing, friendly, and open toward others.

19

Forgetting curve

The general, predictable pattern of the process of forgetting learned information.

20

Id

The id is the part of the personality that includes such basic biological impulses or drives as eating, drinking, eliminating wastes, avoiding pain, attaining sexual pleasure, and aggression. The id operates on the "pleasure principle," seeking to satisfy these basic urges immediately with no regard to consequence

21

Impulse control disorders

A psychological disorder characterized by the repeated inability to refrain from performing a particular action that is harmful either to oneself or others.

22

Inferiority complex

A psychological condition that exists when a person's feelings of inadequacy are so intense that daily living is impaired.

23

Introversion

A commonly used term for people who are quiet, reserved, thoughtful, and self-reliant and who tend to prefer solitary work and leisure activities.

24

Mania

A description of the condition opposite depression in manic-depressive psychosis, or bipolar disorder. It is characterized by a mood of elation without apparent reason.

25

Mental imagery

A picture created by the imagination with no visual stimulus required.

26

Narcissism

Excessive preoccupation with self and lack of empathy for others.

27

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Mental illness characterized by the recurrence of intrusive, anxiety-producing thoughts (obsessions) accompanied by repeated attempts to suppress these thoughts through the performance of certain irrational, often ritualistic, behaviors (compulsions)

28

Panic/panic disorders

An acute feeling of intense fear, accentuated by increased heart rate, shortness of breath, sweating, and mild convulsions.

29

Passive aggressive personality

Its main distinguishing feature is indirect resistance to the demands or expectations of others through stubbornness, forgetfulness, inefficiency, procrastination, and other covert means.

30

Placebo

substances with no known pharmacological value that are given to members of a control group in an experiment.

31

Post traumatic stress disorder

A psychological disorder that develops in response to an extremely traumatic event that threatens a person's safety or life.

32

Psychosis

A symptom of mental illness characterized by a radical change in personality and a distorted or diminished sense of objective reality.

33

Rapid eye movement

rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is also called active sleep because the EEG (electroencephalogram) patterns in this stage are similar to the patterns during the awake stage.

34

Self-esteem

an important component of emotional health, self-esteem encompasses both self-confidence and self-acceptance.

35

Self fulfilling prophecy

An initial expectation that is confirmed by the behavior it elicits.

36

Superego

In psychoanalytic theory, the part of the human personality that represents a person's inner values and morals; also known as conscience.

37

Aggression

any act that is intended to cause pain, suffering, or damage to another person.

38

Alienation

The state of being emotionally separated from others and from one's own feelings.

39

Antisocial behavior

A pattern of behavior that is verbally or physically harmful to other people, animals, or property, including behavior that severely violates social expectations for a particular environment.

40

Applied psychology

The area of psychology in which basic theory and research are applied to the actual problems faced by individuals on a daily basis.

41

Autonomic nervous system

he nervous system responsible for regulating automatic bodily processes, such as breathing and heart rate. The autonomic system also involves the processes of metabolism, or the storage and expenditure of energy.

42

Avoidance learning

An individual's response to avoid an unpleasant or stressful situation; also known as escape learning.

43

Central nervous system

In humans, that portion of the nervous system that lies within the brain and spinal cord; it receives impulses from nerve cells throughout the body, regulates bodily functions, and directs behavior.

44

Classical conditioning

The process of closely associating a neutral stimulus with one that evokes a reflexive response so that eventually the neutral stimulus alone will evoke the same response.

45

Defense mechanisms

Unconscious strategies for avoiding or reducing threatening feelings, such as fear and anxiety.

46

Delay of gratification

The ability to forgo an immediate pleasure or reward in order to gain a more substantial one later.

47

Desensitizations

A behavior modification technique used to combat phobias and other irrational fears.

48

Drug therapy

Medications administered to help people suffering from psychological illnesses.

49

Emotional development

The process by which infants and children begin developing the capacity to experience, express, and interpret emotions.

50

Operant conditioning

Approach to human learning based on the premise that human intelligence and will operate on the environment rather than merely respond to the environment's stimuli.