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Flashcards in Metabolism 1 Deck (19):
1

contains only C-C single bonds

saturated fat

2

contains C=C double-bond with H atoms on opposite side

trans-fat

3

contains C=C double-bond with H atoms on same side

cis-fat

4

How many Carbon atoms are in Pyruvate?

3

5

How many in Acetate?(i.e. acetyl-CoA)

2

6

When the nitrogen atom is removed from an amino-acid, this usually produces the poisonous molecule

ammonia

7

Enzymes in the liver can combine that molecule with CO2 to produce:

urea

8

removal of Nitrogen atoms from amino acids:

de-amination

9

making new glycogen molecules:

glycogenesis

10

breaking down glucose :

glycolysis

11

making new glucose molecules:

gluconeogenesis

12

breaking down glycogen to form glucose:

glycogenolysis

13

breaking down fat:

lipolysis

14

making new lipid molecules:

lipogenesis

15

1st step: In the lumen of the intestines:
______ are broken down into ____ by protease enzymes

proteins are broken down into amino acids by protease enzymes.

16

2nd step In the liver:
what happens to what molecule? to produce what?

amino acids are de-aminated to produce ketoacids

17

3rd step: _____ are attached to more _____ to produce fatty acids

ketoacids are attached to more ketoacids to produce fatty acids

18

4th step: ____ are attached to a ____ to produce a triglyceride

3 fatty acids are attached to a glycerol to produce a triglyceride

19

5th step: packaged into a ___, sent into the blood and stored in an ______.

packaged into a LDL, sent into the blood and stored in an adipocyte