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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (167)
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1

Bug: Pus, empyema, abscess

S. aureus

2

Bug: Pediatric infection

H. influenza

3

Bug: PNA in CF or Burn patients

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

4

Bug: Branching rods in oral infection; sulfur granules

Actinomyces israelii

5

Bug: Traumatic open wound

C. perfringens

6

Bug: Surgical wound

S. aureus

7

Bug: Dog or cat bite

Pasturella multocida

8

Bug: Currant jelly sputum

Klebsiella

9

Bug: Positive PAS stain

Tropheryma whipplei (Whipple's disease)

10

Bug: Sepsis/meningitis newborn

GBS

11

Bug: Health care provider needlestick

HBV

12

Bug: Fungal infection in DM or IC host

Mucor or Rhizopus

13

Bug: Asplenic patient

Encapsulated: S. pna, H. influenza B, N. meningitis

14

Bug: Chronic granulomatous disease

Catalase-positive: S. aureus

15

Bug: Facial nerve palsy

Borreilia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)

16

Nosocomial: newborn nursery

CMV, RSV

17

Nosocomial: urinary catheterization

E. coli, Proteus mirabilis

18

The 2 most common causes of nosocomial infection:

1. E. coli (UTI)
2. S. aureus (wound infection)

19

Nosocomial: respiratory therapy equipment

Pseudomonas (with air or burns)

20

Nosocomial: working in a renal dialysis unit

HBV

21

Nosocomial: TPN

Candida albicans

22

Nosocomial: water aerosols

Legionella

23

Unimmunized child with rash:
1. Head down with post-auricular LAD
2. Head down preceded by cough, coryza, conjunctivitis w/ Koplik spots

1. Rubella
2. Measles

24

Unimmunized child with meningitis

H. influenza B [colonizes nasopharynx]
Poliovirus [myalgia and paralysis]

25

Unimmunized child with pharyngitis
1. Grayish OP exudate
2. Cherry-red epiglottitis, difficulty breathing

1. Corynebacterium diptheriae
2. H. influenza B

26

Peds: Vesicular rash on palms & soles; ulcers in oral mucosa

Coxsackie A "Hand-foot-mouth disease"

27

Peds: Erythematous, sandpaper-like rash with fever & sore-throat

S. pyogenes "Scarlet fever"

28

Peds: Slapped cheek rash on face (that can cause hydrops fetalis in pregnant women)

Parvovirus B19 "Erythema infectiosum"

29

Peds: A macular rash over body that appears after several days of high fever; can present with febrile seizures

HHV-6 "Roseola"

30

UTI Bugs
+ LE
+ Nitrite
+ Urease
- Urease

+ LE = bacterial
+ Nitrite = GN
+ Urease = Proteus, Klebsiella
- Urease = E. coli, Enterococcus