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Criminal Justice > Mid-term > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mid-term Deck (48)
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1

The criminal justice system is a system of _____ _____ and is designed to keep ___ ___

social control | Society safe

2

What two factors are needed for a robbery to take place

Force or fear

3

Under 200$ is a _________, 200$ and over is a ____.

Misdemeanor, Crime

4

Title “2C”

Criminal code of NJ

5

AFIS

Automated Fingerprint Indication System

6

Burglary

Entering a structure without being licensed or privileged with intentions of stealing

7

Theft

Stealing while being licensed or privileged to enter the structure

8

Latent Prints

Fingerprints that are left behind

9

Arraignment

the official reading of the charge

10

Title 39

driving code of Nj

11

PRISON

A year or more to be incarcerated

12

JAIL

Someone who has not been convicted and are in a holding facility until trial or bail

13

Night Reporting

Someone who is free during the day for work then come back to the jail at night

14

Indictment

Jury listens to the state evidence to prove probable cause

15

Due Process

Innocent until proven guilty

16

Misdemeanor aka ______ ______ _______

“Disorderly Persons Offense”

17

Filtering system

Involves plea bargaing

18

DEA

Drug Enforcement Agency

19

The classical school of criminology believes that...

people choose to commit crimes on their own

20

Felony means you are sentenced to a _____ or more in prison

Year

21

Victim

Criminal in nature, not traffic, family problems, or acts of nature.

22

Victimology (4)

1. Who was victimized?
2. What was the impact of the crime?
3. What happens to the victim in the CJ System?
4. What roles do victims play in causing the crime they suffer?

23

Visible Crime

An offense against persons or property committed by members of the lower class and is usually the least profitable

24

Violent Crime and 4 examples

Acts against people in which a death or physical injury results, treated as the most serious offenses and are punished by the CI system (homicide, rape, assault, robbery)

25

Property Crimes and 4 examples

Acts that threaten property held by an individual or the state (larceny, shoplifting, embezzlement, and burglary)

26

Public Order Crimes and 4 examples

Acts that threaten the general well-being of society and challenge accepted moral principles (Public drunkness, aggressive panhandling, vandalism, disorderly conduct)

27

Which type of crime is often referred to as "street crimes" or "ordinary crimes" and also the most upsetting crime to the public?

Visible Crime

28

Occupational Crimes

offenses committed through opportunities created in a legal business or occupation, committed in the content of a legal business or profession and are usually never discovered.

29

Organized Crime

A framework for the perpetration of criminal acts- usually in fields such as gambling, drugs, and prostitution,- providing illegal services that are in great demand.

30

Money Laundering

moving the proceeds criminal activities through a maze of businesses, banks and broker age accounts so as to disguise their origin.