Flashcards in Midterm Deck (27):
What were the two main language groups used by the Indians of the Eastern (Northeast) Woodlands?
Algonquians and Iroquois
What are the Texas Indian tribes?
Apache, Comanche, Caddo, Tonkawas, Jumanos, Coahuiltecans, and Whichitas
Which religious orders built missions to Christianize the Native Americans?
Which of the following European powers colonized North America?
Spain, France, Netherlands, England, Russia
What was the first reliable agricultural work force in the Virginia colony?
White Indentured Servants
What was spread among the Indians along with European expansion?
Disease, domesticated animals (horse, cows, sheep), weapons, and alcohol
Agriculture in New England was characterized by all of the following?
Fishing, timber, small farms (home only), shipping, and banking
Which colonies utilize “plantation” agriculture?
Southern Colonies (GA, SC, NC, VA, and MD)
What event triggered the French and Indian War?
Ohio Company demanded recognition of its land claim to Western Pennsylvania from the French
Why did most of the Indians side with the French?
Indians had a better relationship with the French; promised them that they can keep their land
Who could vote in colonial elections?
White male property owners
Who was the principle author of the Declaration of Independence?
British advantages during the Revolution included:
Bigger army, trained soldiers, powerful navy, experience military commander, and large amount of money
What was the greatest American advantage during the revolution?
Fighting on their own soil (guerrilla warfare); support of the colonists
Which side did MOST Indians join in the American Revolution?
Why did the British want to keep their forts in the Northwest?
They want to protect their allies – Native Americans who live in the Great Lakes region.
What did Shays’ rebellion prove?
The U.S. government was weak and unable to deal with an emergency; Articles of Confederation need to be rewritten
Why were small states against the Virginia Plan?
Small states felt they were losing their power to the bigger states; preferred equal power under Articles of Confederation
Who coauthored the Federalist Papers?
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Why did the Native Americans fail to retain land in the Northwest Territory?
British had left the area after Jay’s Treaty.
What party did George Washington belong to?
Why did the Democratic-Republicans support the French Revolution?
Jefferson and others felt loyalty to France since they helped the US in the American Revolution
The first executive departments include:
Treasury, state, justice (attorney general), and war
What came from the ruling in Marbury v. Madison
The Supreme Court has the right of judicial review
How much did the Louisiana Purchase cost in 1803?
$15 million dollars
Which act was an attempt to restore the United States’ maritime rights?