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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (27):
1

What were the two main language groups used by the Indians of the Eastern (Northeast) Woodlands?

Algonquians and Iroquois

2

What are the Texas Indian tribes?

Apache, Comanche, Caddo, Tonkawas, Jumanos, Coahuiltecans, and Whichitas

3

Which religious orders built missions to Christianize the Native Americans?

Franciscans

4

Which of the following European powers colonized North America?

Spain, France, Netherlands, England, Russia

5

What was the first reliable agricultural work force in the Virginia colony?

White Indentured Servants

6

What was spread among the Indians along with European expansion?

Disease, domesticated animals (horse, cows, sheep), weapons, and alcohol

7

Agriculture in New England was characterized by all of the following?

Fishing, timber, small farms (home only), shipping, and banking

8

Which colonies utilize “plantation” agriculture?

Southern Colonies (GA, SC, NC, VA, and MD)

9

What event triggered the French and Indian War?

Ohio Company demanded recognition of its land claim to Western Pennsylvania from the French

10

Why did most of the Indians side with the French?

Indians had a better relationship with the French; promised them that they can keep their land

11

Who could vote in colonial elections?

White male property owners

12

Who was the principle author of the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

13

British advantages during the Revolution included:

Bigger army, trained soldiers, powerful navy, experience military commander, and large amount of money

14

What was the greatest American advantage during the revolution?

Fighting on their own soil (guerrilla warfare); support of the colonists

15

Which side did MOST Indians join in the American Revolution?

British

16

Why did the British want to keep their forts in the Northwest?

They want to protect their allies – Native Americans who live in the Great Lakes region.

17

What did Shays’ rebellion prove?

The U.S. government was weak and unable to deal with an emergency; Articles of Confederation need to be rewritten

18

Why were small states against the Virginia Plan?

Small states felt they were losing their power to the bigger states; preferred equal power under Articles of Confederation

19

Who coauthored the Federalist Papers?

Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay

20

Why did the Native Americans fail to retain land in the Northwest Territory?

British had left the area after Jay’s Treaty.

21

What party did George Washington belong to?

Independent(none)

22

Why did the Democratic-Republicans support the French Revolution?

Jefferson and others felt loyalty to France since they helped the US in the American Revolution

23

The first executive departments include:

Treasury, state, justice (attorney general), and war

24

What came from the ruling in Marbury v. Madison

The Supreme Court has the right of judicial review

25

How much did the Louisiana Purchase cost in 1803?

$15 million dollars

26

Which act was an attempt to restore the United States’ maritime rights?

Non-Intercourse Act

27

What cabinet position was a stepping stone to the presidency?

Secretary of State