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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (40):
1

Irony

When something happens that is unexpected

2

Verbal Irony

When words mean the opposite of what they usually mean

3

Situational Irony

When an expectation is fulfilled in an unexpected way

4

Dramatic Irony

When the reader knows something that the character doesn't or there is a gap between what the reader knows and what the character knows

5

Symbol

Can be a person, place, thing, or idea,

6

purpose of symbols or how to find them

1. Recognizable
2. easier to use
3. meaningful

7

kinds of symbols

1. Universal - recognized worldwide
2. cultural - recognized only by members of a certain culture
3. contextual - only meaningful in the context of the literature

8

clues to identify a symbol

1. look at the title (keywords in the title)
2. pay attention to names (characters or places)
3. look for overuse of a word
4. nouns with lengthy descriptions
5. underuse of a noun
6. work is strange or could never happen in real life
7. archetypes - traits repeated in generations (wise old man, irresponsible teenager)

9

point of view

helps make story believable

10

1st person POV

the person speaking (personal thoughts, insight, feelings and emotions, I, we, my)

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2nd person POV

the person who is spoken to

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3rd person POV

the person who is spoken about (fly on the wall view, they, them)

13

parts of a plot summary

1. exposition
2. rising action
3. climax
4. falling action
5. denotement

14

exposition

contains the setting and introduces the characters and has an explosive event

15

rising action

things leading to the climax

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the climax

the action that changes the story

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falling action

actions after the climax

18

denotement

resolution - how the story ended

19

characterization

the way a character is developed and presented in a piece of literature
it can be stated directly or indirectly

20

analyzing literature and characters

1. personality
2. seek to find their problems that are implied
3. change or a lack of change
4. their function in the story (purpose)

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the protagonist

main character, his will moves the action of the plot, tries to achieve a goal

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the antagonist

the opposition of protagonist, he struggles to achieve his goal, often helps the reader understand the protagonist

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flat character

the character is seen from 1 dimension of perspective

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round character

seen from 2 or more perspectives

25

stock character

stereotypical character, associated with a character type (hero, villian)

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non-stock character

original to a given piece of literature

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static character

undergoes no change

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dynamic character

undergoes change

29

hero

admired for good traits

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anti-hero (villian)

graceless, inept, dishonest

31

tragic hero

his demise is caused by his flaws within himself

32

modern hero

an average guy who is put in extraordinary

33

hemingway hero

been at war, drinks too much, gets girlfriend pregnant, she dies

34

major character

plays an important role

35

minor character

plays a subservient role

36

foil character

main character that contrasts a major character

37

classic dilemma

two outcomes that are equal

38

ethical dilemma

conflict with policies, two morally sound options with boundaries

39

moral dilemma

deals with the conscious, torn between right or wrong conflict between principles and beliefs

40

lyrical story

narrative form, reaccuring symbol with minimal focus on the plot, open ended, open to interpretation