Flashcards in Midterm Vocab Deck (41):
a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or from the northeast between October and April (the dry monsoon )
the most common form of plague in humans, characterized by fever, delirium, and the formation of buboes.
A diverse body of religion, philosophy, and cultural practice native to and predominant in India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils
The teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth.
the rebirth of a soul in a new body
release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma.
(in Buddhism) a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism
the path to nirvana, comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.
an ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian languages are derived.
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
spread of cultural
the monotheistic religion of the Jews
the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
Decalogue: the biblical commandments of Moses
The Five Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life
(in Judaism) the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew scriptures (the Pentateuch).
the attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena
Shinto: the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors
Four Noble Truths
the four central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching
belief in more then one god
belief in one god
Code of Hammurabi
well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC
The creator god, conceived chiefly as a member of the triad including also Vishnu and Shiva
social custom regarded as a religious and moral duty
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean
a period of Egyptian history extending from the late 11th to the 13th dynasty
the ethical system of Confucius, emphasizing moral order, the humanity and virtue of China's ancient rulers, and gentlemanly education
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
system of writing, such as that of ancient Egypt, in which pictorial symbols are used to represent meaning or sounds or a combination of meaning and sound
denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.
a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
a 6th century masterpiece of Byzantine architecture in Istanbul
a compilation of Roman imperial law made by order of Justinian I, forming part of the Corpus Juris Civilis
In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming
The Commercial Revolution was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the 16th century until the early 18th century
the medieval knightly system with its religious, moral, and social code
One Hundred years War
the series of wars fought intermittently between England and France from 1337-1453