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Flashcards in Migration Deck (50):
1

How did the discovery of gold change the population?

The population increased because people from other countries came over for gold.

2

What were the living conditions like?

Tough, had to live in heat and in temporary accommodations like tents, they had minimal water and weren't experienced. And they didn't have the right tools to pan for gold.

3

Where did the European migrants come from?

Mostly Britain

4

How many Chinese came?

40,000

5

Why were the Chinese disliked?

Looked different, smelt different, ate different, didn't speak English, dressed different, sent there gold back to China, different customs, worked on Sunday's.

6

What attitudes began to surface?

Racist attitudes, the belief that some people were better than others.

7

What had the Japanese done in 1942 to scare Australians?

Started conquering islands to the north of Australia.

8

What was the population of Australia at the end of war?

Seven million

9

What does "Populate or perish" mean?

Bring more people in to the countries to increase the population or we will get invaded.

10

List 5 reasons why Australia supported immigration....

-easier to defend the country
-more workers
-links to Britain
-economy
-refugees

11

What main region did the immigrants come from?

Europe

12

List some of the countries they came from......

-Britain
-Italy
-Poland
-Yugoslavia

13

Who introduced the migration policy?

Arthur Caldwell

14

How did the White Australian policy work?

If you weren't White you had to pass a written test but it wasn't in their language. You had to pass to immigrate to Australia.

15

When did the White Australian policy come out?

1901

16

What 2 reasons made Australia decide to make the White Australian policy?

-White miners resented Chinese diggers working on the goldfields.
-Later labourers from the pacific islands came.

17

When was the dictation test discarded?

1958

18

When was the White Australian policy abolished altogether?

1966

19

What did Arthur Caldwell want to deport?

Non-White refugees

20

What were the things people were promised they will get?

Employment and housing

21

How much did it cost for adults and children to come to Australia from Britain?

10 pounds for adults and free for children.

22

What was the aim of the scheme?

To get as many white people to Australia as they can.

23

What were pearls mostly used for?

-buttons
-buckles
-hair combs
-to decorate furniture

24

What are the dangers of pearl diving?

-shark attacks
-bends
-illness
-cyclones

25

How were pearl divers paid?

The amount of shells that collected

26

What was the largest pearl?

Pinctada maxima

27

When did pearl diving start?

1850s

28

Where did pearl diving start?

Broome, western Australia

29

How many nationalities came?

30

30

What are the four steps?

-melting snow
-dams
-power stations
-create electricity

31

How much did it cost?

$820 million

32

How many people worked on it?

100,000

33

How many years did it take to make it?

25 years, 1949 to 1974

34

How many major dams?

16

35

What countries did some of the workers come from?

-Austria
-Scotland
-England
-Germany
-Poland
-Finland
-France
-Italy

36

How many power stations?

7

37

Where is it?

Kosciusko national park in new south whales

38

What did the different nationalities bring?

-new ideas
-new customs
-new cuisines

39

How many cameleers came?

2,000

40

Where did the cameleers come from?

-Afghan
-India

41

How many languages have been introduced to Australia ?

100

42

How did the migrants help the colony?

-spending money on food and housing
-expanding businesses
-boosting the workforce
-new ideas on technology

43

What different stuff did the migrants bring with them?

-foods
-religions
-languages
-ideas

44

What was the largest number of those born overseas?

-UK
-New Zealand
-China
-Italy

45

When was the White Australian policy scrapped?

1970s

46

What was the main group of refugees that came?

Vietnam

47

How many countries have migrants come from?

185 different countries

48

What is multiculturalism?

The belief that differences in cultures are okay and that migrants should not be forced to abandon their own views and beliefs

49

How many Vietnamese immigrated to Australia between 1975 and 1985?

90,00

50

What are some of the countries the most migrants came from in the 2006 census?

-UK
-New Zealand
-China
-Italy
-India
-Vietnam
-Germany
-Greece
-South Africa
-Philippines