Flashcards in Migration Deck (50):
How did the discovery of gold change the population?
The population increased because people from other countries came over for gold.
What were the living conditions like?
Tough, had to live in heat and in temporary accommodations like tents, they had minimal water and weren't experienced. And they didn't have the right tools to pan for gold.
Where did the European migrants come from?
How many Chinese came?
Why were the Chinese disliked?
Looked different, smelt different, ate different, didn't speak English, dressed different, sent there gold back to China, different customs, worked on Sunday's.
What attitudes began to surface?
Racist attitudes, the belief that some people were better than others.
What had the Japanese done in 1942 to scare Australians?
Started conquering islands to the north of Australia.
What was the population of Australia at the end of war?
What does "Populate or perish" mean?
Bring more people in to the countries to increase the population or we will get invaded.
List 5 reasons why Australia supported immigration....
-easier to defend the country
-links to Britain
What main region did the immigrants come from?
List some of the countries they came from......
Who introduced the migration policy?
How did the White Australian policy work?
If you weren't White you had to pass a written test but it wasn't in their language. You had to pass to immigrate to Australia.
When did the White Australian policy come out?
What 2 reasons made Australia decide to make the White Australian policy?
-White miners resented Chinese diggers working on the goldfields.
-Later labourers from the pacific islands came.
When was the dictation test discarded?
When was the White Australian policy abolished altogether?
What did Arthur Caldwell want to deport?
What were the things people were promised they will get?
Employment and housing
How much did it cost for adults and children to come to Australia from Britain?
10 pounds for adults and free for children.
What was the aim of the scheme?
To get as many white people to Australia as they can.
What were pearls mostly used for?
-to decorate furniture
What are the dangers of pearl diving?
How were pearl divers paid?
The amount of shells that collected
What was the largest pearl?
When did pearl diving start?
Where did pearl diving start?
Broome, western Australia
How many nationalities came?
What are the four steps?
How much did it cost?
How many people worked on it?
How many years did it take to make it?
25 years, 1949 to 1974
How many major dams?
What countries did some of the workers come from?
How many power stations?
Where is it?
Kosciusko national park in new south whales
What did the different nationalities bring?
How many cameleers came?
Where did the cameleers come from?
How many languages have been introduced to Australia ?
How did the migrants help the colony?
-spending money on food and housing
-boosting the workforce
-new ideas on technology
What different stuff did the migrants bring with them?
What was the largest number of those born overseas?
When was the White Australian policy scrapped?
What was the main group of refugees that came?
How many countries have migrants come from?
185 different countries
What is multiculturalism?
The belief that differences in cultures are okay and that migrants should not be forced to abandon their own views and beliefs
How many Vietnamese immigrated to Australia between 1975 and 1985?