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Mineral Vocab > Minerals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Minerals Deck (21)
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1

Mineral

Solid, natural occurring, in organic, repeating crystal pattern and definite chemical composition

2

Luster

The way the light shines of the mineral

3

Streak

The color of the mineral in powdered form

4

Hardness

Scratch or be scratched

5

Moes scale

A service of ten mineral used as a standard for hardness

6

Crystal

The external appearance of a mineral as determined by its internal arrangement of the atoms

7

Fracture

When minerals break and have rough edges

8

Cleavage

The tendency to break off in flats planes

9

Density

The ratio of mass to volume

10

Gem

A cut polish mineral

11

Silicate

A group of mineral that have oxygen and silicon as there basic building block

12

Silicon-oxygen-tetrahedron

A structure comosed of 4 oxygen atoms surrounding silicon atom

13

Element

A substance that can't broken down

14

Atomic number

The number of protons

15

Energy level

Region around the Nuclues Where the electrons are located

16

Isotope

An atom with the same number protons but different number of newtons

17

Compound

A substance when two or more atoms combined chemical

18

Chemical bond

A force that hold together atoms that hold a compound

19

Ion

A atom that possesses a positive charge

20

Ionic bond

A bond between two ions

21

Covalent bond

A bond that forms when atoms share eletrons