MITAGS Final Flashcards Preview

VTS houston > MITAGS Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in MITAGS Final Deck (88):
1

Why does magnetic variation change ?

It changes because the magnetic poles are constantly changing

2

Define : Drift

-the speed of a current
-the distance a craft is moved by current and wind

3

Define : Set

The direction towards which a current flows

4

There are ___ (how many?) internationally recognized lateral buoyage systems. In the USA we use IALA ___, and red buoys are kept on the vessel’s ___ side when returning from sea.

-2
-B
-right

5

Highly of tide is expressed in relation to ___.

Charted sounding datum

6

a barometric pressure fall of one inch may result in a water level rise of as much as ________________________________________.

one foot

7

An eddy is created due to the presence of _________ in a current flow.

Obstruction

8

Set, as it affects a vessel, is _________________________________.

the direction forces are moving a vessel

9

Weather forecast state the anticipated wind speed and _________________________________.

true direction from which the wind will blow.

10

Rule 9 establishes regulations pertaining to _________________________.

Narrow Channels

11

Rule 10 establishes regulations pertaining to ________.

Traffic separation schemes

12

Rule 19 establishes regulations pertaining to ________.

restricted visibility.

13

Range of tide refers to the vertical difference between ________.

high tide and low tide

14

Trim is defined as the balance of a vessel in a(n) ________ direction.

fore and aft

15

List is defined as the balance of a vessel in a(n) ________ direction.

athwartships

16

A label painted on the side of a vessel used to identify a potential stability problem is called ________________________________.

Plimsoll mark

17

the tidal range during Neap tide is ______________ than normal.

lower

18

The tidal range during a Spring tide is ______________ than normal.

higher

19

Under the inland rules, when a vessel is in sight of another vessel and is meeting head-on or nearly head-on, unless agreed otherwise both vessels must?

alter course to starboard and pass port to port.

20

averages for tidal calculations are based on a ______________ year tidal history.

19

21

How many GPS satellites are there in the USA GPS constellation?

24

22

The algebraic sum of variation and deviation is known as ________?

Compass error

23

Magnetic variation is ________________________________.

Constantly changing.

24

With a container or high sided vessel, once the vessel begins to react to the force of the wind; small increases in wind speed cause ______________ increases in force exerted on the vessel.

large

25

T or F: As the pivot point of a vessel moves closer to the center of wind effort, the effect of wind increases.

False

26

Maneuvering a vessel in current is generally easier when ________________________________.

heading into a current

27

a good rule of thumb for estimating current force is 1 knot of current is equivalent to ________ knots of wind.

30

28

The most common type of propeller found on merchant ships is :

fixed pitch, right handed

29

T or F: A sailing chart is good for navigation of small waterways.

False

30

The term "tractor tug" refers to vessels with the propulsion unit________________________________.

forward

31

T or F: The greater the distance from the pivot point that a tug is made up the greater the effect for a given applied force.

True

32

Where is the information contained for identifying and / or defining charted objects?

Chart 1

33

One nautical mile is equal to one ________ of ________

minute of latitude

34

Provide one example of cargo that is likely carried on a bulk ship

grain

35

a vessel preceding at 18 knots will travel how many nautical miles in six minutes?

1.8 nm

36

The three fold focus VTS uses to interact with stakeholders/public includes:

-media relations
-community outreach
-Internal info

37

list three examples of public relation tools a VTS can use as outreach tools

-Facility visits
-Public affairs officer/press releases
-Tours

38

Human error is the cause of ______________ of all mishaps

90%

39

list four of the seven critical skills that help reduce the potential for human error

communication
assertiveness
leadership
mission analysis
situation awareness
adaptability / flexibility
decision making

40

what are three conflict management styles

-agressive
-assertive
-passive

41

a team can be defined as a collection of people with a common __

goal

42

T or F : The Coast Guard's public affairs manual should be consulted to determine what info is releasable to the news media

true

43

list two types of external VTS stakeholders

VTS users
Pilots
tug captains
local cops

44

T or F: conflict is not always bad

True

45

Stress was found to have long term affects on and individual's __

health

46

Eustress was found to __

improve performance

47

National vessel traffic service regulations are located in 33 CFR __

161

48

What is stand?

A brief period between high and low tide when no change in the water level a be detected.

49

What is freshet?

Sudden increase in flow of fresh water as from a flood, emptying from a river into a larger body of salt or brackish water.

50

list the three vessels that compromise the VMRS user group

1) every power-driven vessel of 40 meters (131 feet) or more in length, while navigating
2) Every towing vessel of 8 meters (26feet) or more in length, while navigating
3)Every vessel certificated to carry 50 or more passengers for hire, when engaged in trade.

51

list three of the four vessels required to comply with the bridge to bridge radio telephone act

1) every power driven vessel of 20 meters or over in length while navigating
2) every vessel of 100 gross tons and upward carrying one or more passenger for hire while navigating
3) every towing vessel 26 feet or over in length while navigating
4) every dreadge and floating plant engaged in or near a channel or fairway in operation likely to restrict or affect navigation of other vessels except for an unmanned or intermittently manned floating plant under the control of a dredge.

52

VTS may ________ or ______________ to enhance navigation and vessel safety

measures and directions

53

Unless otherwise stated, a VMRS user must report at least ______________ min before navigating in a VTS area.

15 minutes

54

What info is required in a position report

name and position

55

a towing vessel as defined in 33CFR 161.2 is __

any commercial vessel engaged in towing another vessel astern, alongside or pushing ahead

56

Reporting exemptions : unless otherwise directed, the following vessels are exempted from providing position and final reports due to the nature of their operations

vsls on a published or scheduled route
vsls working in a 3nm radius
escort vessels

57

what are the four traffic management levels

monitor
inform
recommend
direct

58

listening is a ______________ form of traffic management

passive

59

Active traffic Management

passing traffic, broadcasts, giving recommendations, or direction

60

Parts of a Sail Plan

Vsl Name/position/underway time+point of entry/ destination+ETA/ Dangerous Cargo/intended Route

61

When is a final report issued?

destination or checking out of the system

62

PWSA empowered the Coast Guard to establish what?

VTS

63

IALA recommends every country does what?

Designate a competent authority to manage VTS

64

VTS personnel should looks at these two things when predicting static everyday risk and the potential for loss....

likelihood of hazard, potential for disaster

65

Communication is defined as what?

Clear and concise sending and receiving of information

66

Words account for what percent of interpersonal communication?

7%

67

Parts of the communication model?

sender/ receiver/ message/ barriers

68

4 Ways VTS communicates with Users

Telephone/ VHF Radio/ Cell phone/ published docs

69

SMCP Messages

Question/Answer/ Request/ Intention

70

international carriage requirements for VHF?

300 tons or passenger vessels on International voyages

71

VHF exempt vessels

military/ fishing vessels/ Sailing ships

72

4 categories of sensor eqp?

cameras/radios/ AIS/ radars

73

VTMIS

vessel traffic management informations system

74

3cm radar/10 cm radar

x/ s

75

a 3 cm radar preforms better in precipitation than a 10cm radar

false

76

list four types of cameras used in a CCTV system are:

infrared
daytime
lowlight
nighttime
thermal

77

examples of VTS interpersonal communication

team environment
public outreach
user group forums

78

T or F: AIS delivers precise position and maneuvering info to the VTS operator using VOICE VHF radio

False

79

List two of the six words to avoid because they create ambiguity

please
can
will
may

80

list two of the distress / urgency / safety markers for a message

mayday
pan-pan
securitayyyy

81

the SMCP message marker that should be used to indicate there is a danger to the vessel is __

warning

82

T or F: According to 33 CFR 26.02 length is her overall

False

83

T or F: VHF radio transmits its signal in a "line of sight" with longer ranges possible based on atmospheric conditions

TRUE

84

list four initial actions that a VTS can employ to maintain a safe waterway following an incident

rerouting traffic
closing waterway
safety broadcast
safety / security zone

85

what is the one percent that drives the operation of a VTS and allows the VTS to coordinate with allied services during emergencies

VHF radio

86

Pivot Point

Imaginary poem where vessel turns

87

Maximum range of a radar

Height, antenna height, rotation

88

In your own words describe VTS Operator

duh