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Flashcards in Mock Deck (27):
1

Location

North East England, near the river wear which loops around the cathedral and Durham castle

2

What river flows through it

River wear

3

Geographical significance

Hill and river

4

What year was the Anglo Saxon cathedral built

995

5

What year was the Norman cathedral built

1093

6

Strategic importance of location

Border with Scotland

7

Which which saint relics were buried in Durham

Saint cuthbert

8

Which Norman bishop started Durham cathedral

William St Calais

9

What type of bishops were those in Durham

Prince bishops

10

Why were prince bishops given this role and what was the significance

They were semi independent rulers of the north - gave normans more power against northern rebels

11

Which cathedral influenced the style

St. Paul's basilica

12

Who succeeded William St Calais as bishop

Ranulph Flambard

13

Which architectural feature was first done in Durham and what was its significance?

Ribbed vaulting which formed pointed arches to support ceiling of the nave, its achieved a greater height which meant they were closer to god

14

What style was the Norman cathedral built in

Romanesque

15

Who started the reforms of the Anglo Saxon cathedral

Walcher

16

What was the significance of the reforms

The cathedral was better run and more efficient

17

What shape was the cathedral

Cross - religious significance

18

What Anglo Saxon church did it replace

White church

19

What was the religious function of the site

Cathedral seat of the bishop
Centre for worship and prayer
Benedictines monks worshiped the shrine of st cuthbert
Services and celebration

20

What type of monks were found there

Benedictine

21

What was the political function

Keep close eye on the northern rebels
Military defence
Shows money and power
Reinforces authority of prince bishops

22

What was the military function

Close eye on rebels
Increases height and ability to see those in the North
River was natural defence

23

What was the social significance of the cathedral

Extremely wealthy
Desirable place
Grew population
High status as powerful men would go to the cathedral
Reputation
Newly built grand cathedral

24

What could a prince bishop do

Mint his own coins, start his own armies and help king with ruling

25

Explain the different styles of architecture

The 12th century Romanesque style is found in the west end of the cathedral eg Galilee chapel
The 13th century gothic style is found in the east end eg chapel of nine alters

26

Features of gothic style

Pointed arches
Taller - Norman's closer to god
Stained glass
Ribbed vaulting

27

Features of Romanesque

Rounded arches
Thick walls
Study pillars
Lower and heavier roof