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Flashcards in Moduel 13 Deck (21):
1

Digestion:

The process by which an organism breaks down its food into small units that can be absorbed by the body.

2

Vitamin

A chemical substance the body needs in small amounts to stay healthy.

3

Salivary Gland; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, No. they put saliva in the mouth.

4

Epiglottis; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

No

5

Larynx; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

No

6

Trachea; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

No

7

Pancreas; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, No. It makes several digestive juices that are squirted into the small intestine as chime passes through the pyloric sphincter. it also neutralizes stomach acid.

8

Stomach; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, yes. It churns and mixes the food with gastric juices, Which destroys bacteria. also the juices start the digestive process.

9

Small Intestine; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, Yes. It chemically digests the food and allows the nutrients to be absorbed through its lining.

10

Rectum; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, yes. It pushes feces out of the body through the anus.

11

Pharynx; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, yes. It pushes food into the esophagus.

12

Esophagus; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, yes. In pushes the food into the stomach.

13

Liver; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, No. it makes bile, converts glucose into glycogen for storage, breaking down glycogen when the body needs energy, and storing fats and other nutrients.

14

Gall Bladder; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, No. In concentrates bile and squirts the bile into the chyme and the chyme enters the small intestine.

15

Large intestine; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, Yes. It consolidates undigested food, absorbs water from it, and turns the resulting waste into feces.

16

Anus; Is it a part of the digestive system? If it is a part of the digestive system, is it a part of the Digestive tract? If it is a part of the digestive system, what is (are) its function or functions.

Yes, Yes. The place where feces exit.

17

What is the function so we know the appendix serves?

To reboot the intestines after and illness.

18

What are the fat-soluble vitamins?

A, D, E, and K

19

Which vitamins (fat- soluble or water-soluble) are most likely it build up to toxic levels in the body if you take too many.

Fat-soluble vitamins

20

What kind of role do most vitamins play in the body?

vitamins typically regulate the chemical process in the body.

21

Which 2 vitamins can the body absorb with out eating food that contains those vitamins?

D, K