Module 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 1 Deck (28):
1

consists of myelinated axons of neurons

white matter

2

Contains cell bodies and dendrites, synapses, and is area of the brain where neuronal connections are contained

gray matter

3

Outermost area of the brain. Contains sulci, fissures, and gyri

Cortex

4

name for small shallow grooves in the brain

sulci

5

name for deep grooves in the brain

fissures

6

name for raised areas in the brain

gyril

7

The brain is subdivided into what 2 parts?

Brainstem and cerebrum

8

What part of the brain produces neurotransmitters, and contains the midbrain, the pons, the medulla, the cerebellum, and the reticular formation system?

brainstem

9

What part of the brain is split into two equal halves and contains the cortex and the limbic system?

Cerebrum

10

What is the outermost meninges called?

dura mater

11

What is the middle meninges called?

arachnoid

12

What is the innermost meninges called?

pia mater

13

The 2 halves of the cerebrum are connected by what?

corpus collosum

14

What layer of meninges is CSF fluid located?

subarachnoid space

15

The central nervous system consists of what two main parts?

brain and spinal cord

16

Somatic nervous system controls what movements?

voluntary

17

Somatic nervous system carries information from the CNS to _____?

skeletal muscles

18

Autonomic nervous system controls what movements?

involuntary

19

The autonomic nervous system maintains ______?

homeostasis

20

The autonomic nervous system carry information from CNS to what 3 areas?

smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands

21

What responses are part of the autonomic nervous system?

sympathetic and parasympathetic

22

Which autonomic response triggers fight or flight?

sympathetic

23

Which autonomic response is inhibitory and decreases body activity?

parasympathetic

24

Which nervous system is involuntary and controls the GI system?

enteric

25

What are the 4 areas of the cerebral cortex?

frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, and parietal lobe

26

Which part of the cerebral cortex is the largest and most developed lobe?

frontal lobe

27

Which part of the cerebral cortex includes language (Wernicke's Area) receptive speech and language comprehension, auditory area, memory, emotion integration of vision with sensory information

temporal lobe

28

Which part of the cerebra cortex includes visual, integrates vision with other sensory information

occipital