Module 10 Flashcards Preview

CLST 301 - 2012/2013 > Module 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 10 Deck (128):
1

sphen-

sphenoid bone; a wedge-shaped bone

1

cleid- clavic- clavicul-

clavicle; collar bone

2

malleol-

malleolus; ankle protuberance

2

patell-

patella; knee cap

2

metacarpal; bone radiating from the wrist fingers

metacarp-

3

cartilage

chondr- cartilag- cartilagin-

4

-desis

surgical immobilization; surgical fusion [if this termination is used with the prefix syn- you must avoid redundancy by ignoring prefix]

4

-ferous

bearing; containing [preceded by connecting vowel "i"]

4

fibula; smaller bone of lower leg

fibul-

4

strength

-sthenia

5

carpus; carpal bone; Wrist; Wrist Bone; [i.e. either the wrist joint or one or more of the bones which make up the wrist joint]

carp-*

6

-agra

sudden and severe pain

7

desm- syndesm- ligament-

ligament

7

rod; rod-shaped; skeletal; striated [ when preceding my- it denotes skeletal or striated muscle] [when used with other roots; denotes rod or rod-shaped structure]

rhabd-

8

olecranon; elbow

olecran-

9

rachi- spin-

spinal column [following a vowel, the r often becomes rr]

10

vertebra [pl. vertebrae]

spondyl- vertebr-

10

radius; the shorter of the lower arm bones

radi-

11

lei-

smooth

12

malleolus; ankle protuberance

malleol-

13

phylact-

protective (of something) [with suffix -ic]; protective against (something) [with suffix -ic] protective by means of (a substance or process).

14

disk

disk-

15

scapula; shoulder blade

scapul-

15

tibia; shin bone [large bone of lower leg]

tibi-

15

bearing; containing [preceded by connecting vowel "i"]

-ferous

16

slight paralysis

-parasis

17

carp-*

carpus; carpal bone; Wrist; Wrist Bone; [i.e. either the wrist joint or one or more of the bones which make up the wrist joint]

17

radi-

radius; the shorter of the lower arm bones

17

humerus; Upper Arm Bone

humer-

18

muscle

my- myos- muscul-

19

synovial fluid; fluid that lubricates the joint; synovial membrane

synovi-

21

pariet-

parietal bone; any "wall" (in a cavity or organ)

22

-parasis

slight paralysis

23

smooth

lei-

25

skelet-

skeletal

26

-phylaxis

protection (of something); protection against (something); protection by means of (a substance or process)

26

condyle; knuckle [of fingers or toes]; rounded bone protuberance [which articulates with another bone]

condyl-

27

chondr- cartilag- cartilagin-

cartilage

28

olecran-

olecranon; elbow

29

ischium; lower pelvic bone

ischi-

30

lamin-

lamina [pl. laminae]; thin, flat layer (or membrane)

30

acromion; the lateral projection of the shoulder blade

acromi-

30

fibrous tissue

fibr- fibros-

31

ilium; upper pelvic bone

ili-

32

fasci-

fascia; connective tissue enclosing a muscle

33

frontal bone; forehead bone

front-

35

arthr- articul-

joint

36

ankyl-

crooked; bent; stiff; fixed; fused; imperforated

36

bone

oste- oss- osse-

37

occiput; occipital bone

occipit-

39

ischi-

ischium; lower pelvic bone

40

tibi-

tibia; shin bone [large bone of lower leg]

41

sphenoid bone; a wedge-shaped bone

sphen-

42

crooked; bent; stiff; fixed; fused; imperforated

ankyl-

44

occipit-

occiput; occipital bone

46

scapul-

scapula; shoulder blade

48

tal-

talus; ankle bone

48

absence of strength; weakness

-asthenia

49

joint

arthr- articul-

50

skeletal

skelet-

51

-sthenia

strength

53

mal- zygomat- zygomatic-

cheek; cheek bone; malar bone; zygomatic bone

55

crani-

cranium; skull

57

uln-

ulna; the longer of the lower arm bones

58

bursa; sac of synovial fluid

burs-

59

tarsus; tarsal bone; ankle; ankle bone [analogous to carpus]

tars-

61

coccyg-

coccyx; tail bone

62

ili-

ilium; upper pelvic bone

62

femor-

femur; thigh bone

63

ulna; the longer of the lower arm bones

uln-

65

cox-

hip; hip joint

66

fibul-

fibula; smaller bone of lower leg

67

tars-

tarsus; tarsal bone; ankle; ankle bone [analogous to carpus]

69

ethmoid bone

ethmoid-

70

oste- oss- osse-

bone

71

phalang-

phalanx [pl. phalanges] finger bone; toe bone;

71

talus; ankle bone

tal-

72

protective (of something) [with suffix -ic]; protective against (something) [with suffix -ic] protective by means of (a substance or process).

phylact-

73

spinal column [following a vowel, the r often becomes rr]

rachi- spin-

74

instrument used to break

-clast

76

synovi-

synovial fluid; fluid that lubricates the joint; synovial membrane

78

ethmoid-

ethmoid bone

79

metacarp-

metacarpal; bone radiating from the wrist fingers

79

lamina [pl. laminae]; thin, flat layer (or membrane)

lamin-

80

rhabd-

rod; rod-shaped; skeletal; striated [ when preceding my- it denotes skeletal or striated muscle] [when used with other roots; denotes rod or rod-shaped structure]

81

acromi-

acromion; the lateral projection of the shoulder blade

82

-asthenia

absence of strength; weakness

83

fibr- fibros-

fibrous tissue

84

sudden and severe pain

-agra

85

mast- mastoid-

mastoid process [a process is a projection or outgrowth of bone]

86

protection (of something); protection against (something); protection by means of (a substance or process)

-phylaxis

87

sacr-

sacrum; triangular pelvic bone

87

rib

cost-

88

calcaneus; heel bone

calcane-

89

tendon

ten- tend-

90

acetabulum; hip bone socket [into which a femur fits]

acetabul-

92

coccyx; tail bone

coccyg-

93

fascia; connective tissue enclosing a muscle

fasci-

95

mastoid process [a process is a projection or outgrowth of bone]

mast- mastoid-

96

stern-

sternum; breast bone

98

clavicle; collar bone

cleid- clavic- clavicul-

99

calcane-

calcaneus; heel bone

101

parietal bone; any "wall" (in a cavity or organ)

pariet-

102

burs-

bursa; sac of synovial fluid

103

femur; thigh bone

femor-

104

ligament

desm- syndesm- ligament-

106

metatars-

metatarsus; metatarsal bone; bone radiating from ankle to the toes

107

disk-

disk

108

metatarsus; metatarsal bone; bone radiating from ankle to the toes

metatars-

110

sternum; breast bone

stern-

111

condyl-

condyle; knuckle [of fingers or toes]; rounded bone protuberance [which articulates with another bone]

112

acetabul-

acetabulum; hip bone socket [into which a femur fits]

113

patella; knee cap

patell-

114

my- myos- muscul-

muscle

115

spondyl- vertebr-

vertebra [pl. vertebrae]

116

surgical immobilization; surgical fusion [if this termination is used with the prefix syn- you must avoid redundancy by ignoring prefix]

-desis

117

ten- tend-

tendon

118

temporal bone; temple bone

tempor-

119

humer-

humerus; Upper Arm Bone

120

hip; hip joint

cox-

121

cost-

rib

122

cheek; cheek bone; malar bone; zygomatic bone

mal- zygomat- zygomatic-

123

cranium; skull

crani-

124

tempor-

temporal bone; temple bone

125

sacrum; triangular pelvic bone

sacr-

126

phalanx [pl. phalanges] finger bone; toe bone;

phalang-

127

front-

frontal bone; forehead bone

128

-clast

instrument used to break