Molecular and Ionic Compounds Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Molecular and Ionic Compounds Deck (14):
1

What is a molecular compound?

A compound composed of two or more non-metals

2

How do elements share electrons in molecular compounds?

Covalent bonds (share a pair of e-)

3

What state are molecular compounds at room temperature?

Solid, liquid or gas

4

Do molecular compounds dissolve in water?

Some do, some don't

5

What happens if a molecular compound dissolves?

It will not conduct electricity

6

What are the prefixes for molecular compounds?

1- mono, 2- di, 3- tri, 4- tetra, 5- penta, 6- hexa, 7-hepta, 8- octa, 9- nona, 10- deca

7

How is a molecular compound named?

1. write the first nonmetal name
2. Add a prefix (unless mono)
3. Write the second nonmetal with ide at the end
4. always add a prefix

8

What is an ionic compound?

A compound composed of a metal and nonmetal

9

How do elements share electrons in ionic compounds?

Ionic bond (transfer e-)

10

What state are ionic compounds at room temperature?

Solid

11

Do ionic compounds dissolve in water?

Some do, some don't

12

What happens if an ionic compound dissolves?

It will conduct electricity, electrolyte

13

How is an ionic compound named?

1. write the cation name
2. write the nonmetal name with ide

14

What is the charge of ionic compounds?

Neutral