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Flashcards in Motor impairments Deck (23):
1

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having a generalized mm weakness

Asthenia:

2

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
-a motor portion of speech articulation
-speak one word at a time
-slow, hesitant, change in melodic quality

Dysarthria:

3

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

- an impairment in performing rapidly alternating movements
-movements that are irregular

Dysdiadochokinesia:

4

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
-cant judge distance or range of a movement

Dysmetria:

5

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

-overestimation of range needed to reach object

hypermetria:

6

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

-underestimation of range needed

hypometria:

7

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

-break down movements into sequences instead of smooth motion

Dyssynergia:

8

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
-cannot associate muscles together to make a complex movement

Asynnergia:

9

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
-broad base of support, poor upright balance, stepping is irregular, unsteady gait

Gait ataxia:

10

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

-decrease in muscle tone, will see less resistance to passive movement, muscles soft

Hypotonia:

11

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
- rhythmic, quick, oscillatory movement of eyes back and forth. Will have trouble holding gaze on an object in the peripheral field

Nystagmus:

12

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having
-loss of check reflex: cannot halt forceful movements when resistance is eliminated

Rebound Phenomenon:

13

What cerebellar motor impairment is described as having

- involuntary oscillatory movement from alternate contractions of opposing muscle groups

Tremor:

14

what are the two types of tremors

Intention tremor

Postural

15

What basal motor impairment is described as having

-can’t initiate movement, have episodes of fixed postures-FREEZING EPISODES

Akinesia:

16

What basal motor impairment is described as having

-slow involuntary, writhing, twisting movements, usually > in distal UE’s, wrists and fingers may hyperextend and then flex, combined with rotary movements of extremities. Can effect other areas of body. AKA athetoid movements: usually see in combo with spasticity, tonic spasms or chorea.

Athetosis:

17

What basal motor impairment is described as having

-decreased amplitude and velocity of voluntary movement: decrease arm swing, shuffling gait,

Bradykinesia:

18

What basal motor impairment is described as having

-involuntary, rapid, irregular, jerky movements involving multiple joints. Cannot voluntarily control movements

Chorea:

19

What basal motor impairment is described as having

-have features of both chorea and athetosis

Choreoathetosis:

20

What basal motor impairment is described as having

- large amplitude, sudden, violent, flailing motions of arm and leg on one side of body: affects axial and proximal musculature of limb

Hemiballismus:

21

What basal motor impairment is described as having

- increase in muscle tone causing greater resistance to passive movement: more pronounced in flexor muscles:

Rigidity:

22

What are the two types of rigidity?

Leadpipe- stiff all the way thru
Cogwheel- gives a little then stiffens

23

What basal motor impairment is described as having

- involuntary, rhythmic, oscillatory movement observed at rest: disappear with purposeful movement, may increase with emotional stress: “pill rolling” is typical, may also affect jaw or other areas

Tremor: