Mouth Diseases Flashcards Preview

Physical Diagnosis > Mouth Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mouth Diseases Deck (19):
0

Angular cheilitis

softening of lips, followed by fissures; nutritional deficiency; seen in people with no teeth

1

actinic cheilitis

excessive exposure to sunlight and affects lower lip; fair skin men who work in sun

2

Herpes simplex

recurrent painful vesicular eruptions; heals 10-14 days

3

angiodema

localized subcutaneous or submucosal swelling, leakage of intravascular fluid; usually benign, resolves within 24-48 hours

4

hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia

small red spots on the lips, autosomal dominant endothelial disorder; in lungs or brain can cause life-threatening hemorrhage

5

Peutz-jerghers syndrome

small brown pigmentation around mouth

6

Chancre of primary syphilis

ulcerated papule; heal in 3-6 weeks

7

carcinoma of the lip

affects lower lip, scaly plaque, ulcer or nodule; prolonged exposure to sun

8

Exudative tonsillitis

White exudate on tonsils

9

Diptheria

rare acute infection; life-saving treatment needed; dull red with gray exudate; airway becomes obstructed

10

Thrush on the palate

yeast infection; white plaques; from prolonged antibiotic treatment, AIDS

11

Kaposi Sarcoma in AIDS

Deep purple lesions, raised or flat; antiretroviral therapy reduces

12

Torus palatinus

midline bony growth in hard palate; harmless

13

Petachiae

Small red spots from escape capillaries; infection or decreased platelets

14

Leukoplakia

Thickened white patch; from chewing tobacco; may lead to cancer

15

Geographic tongue

Benign condition, maplike pattern that changes over time

16

Hairy tongue

hairy yellowish to dark elongated papillae; associated with antibiotic therapy, poor dental hygiene or spontaneously

17

SMooth tongue

Smoot, sore tongue that lost papillae; deficiency in riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, vit B 12, iron

18

Aphthous ulcer

painful, round ulcer, white or yellowish gray and surrounded by halo; heals in 7-10 days