Movements Flashcards Preview

American Lit > Movements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Movements Deck (25):
1

1650-1750

Puritain/Colonialism

2

1750-1800

Revolutionary/Age of Reason

3

1800-1860

Romanticism/American Gothic

4

1803-1882

Transcendentalism

5

1855-1900

Regional Realism

6

Define American Realism:

A style that depicted contemporary social realities and the lives/everyday activities of ordinary people.

7

Factors of regional Realism:

Social class, religion, race, dialect

8

Critics for Regional Realism

Emory Elliot: ‘Mark Twain transforms the American novel’
Jocelyn Chadwick: ‘learn about people and places we’ll never know’

9

Writers of Regional Realism:

Mark Twain, Kate Chopin, Charles Chesnet

10

Define verisimilitude

The search for truth (Realism)

11

Who said this? ‘Failure is not the dark side of the American Dream; it is the foundation of it.’

Mark Twain

12

What is the Abolitionist movement?

Came about to abolish slavery, in literature black characters were shown as normal people

13

Define Naturalism

An extreme form of Realism, one that moved away from the middle class of the realists and pertained more to the dregs of society

14

Characteristics of naturalism

Industrial, lower class, the brute within, free will is an illusion

15

Critics of naturalism

Walcutt says that the naturalist novel offers ‘clinical, panoramic, slice-of-live’ drama that is often a ‘chronicle of despair’

16

Writers of naturalism

Stephen Crane, Frank Norris, Richard Wright

17

Social Realism, social conscience:

Social class, ethnicity, and gender!

18

Writer of Social Realism:

Edith Warton ‘The Age of Innocence’

19

When was the civil war?

1861-1865

20

Post civil war writing decade

1870-80

21

Industrial revolution decade

1880-90

22

Age of immigration decade

1890-1900

23

Examples of transcendentalist texts/authors

Walden by Henry David Thoreau
Leaves of grass by Walt Whitman
Little women by Louisa May Alcott

24

Transcendentalist

Focus on nature and the individual- negative about society
Does not look at god as a key part of society

25

who said this 'romanticism is really a childish throwback horror of being alone at the top - which is the real horror'

fitzgerald