MSK disease Flashcards Preview

MSK > MSK disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK disease Deck (12):
1

acute monoarthritis/oligoarthritis

septic arthritis
gout
reactive arthritis

2

chronic inflammatory polyarthritis

RA
psoriatic arthritis
chronic tophaceous gout

3

spondyloarthropathy

ank spond

4

septic arthritis

infection unless proven otherwise (8-27%)
aspirate prior to A/B if at all possible
local guidance for A/B
not treating leads to rapid joint destruction and significant (11%) mortality
can be polyarticular in 10% of cases
usually involves hip or knee

5

predicting septic arthritis

fever
WCC
CRP
joint tendrness/restriction

6

risk factors for septic arthritis

overlying/penetrating infection
prosthesis/surgery
age
diabetes
RA
HIV
corticosteroids

7

gout

urate crystals
RF:
alcohol
diet
renal failure
chemo
dehydration
psoriasis
haemolysis
negatively birefringent

8

pseudogout

calcium pyrophospahte crystals
self limiting
elderly or metabolic disease
often wrist or knee
positively birefringent

9

RA

autoimmune disorder
articular clinical phenotype, but is a multisystem disease involving lung, skin, eyes, CV system

10

risk factors for RA

presence of anti-CCP antibodies
FH (PTPN22)
smoking

11

ankylosing spondylitis

sacroiliitis
HLA-B27 gene
association with other seronegative diseases (psoriasis, colitis, uveitis)
bamboo spine

12

OA

heberden's - DIPs
Bouchard's - PIPs