Multi-Letter Phonograms Flashcards Preview

Logic of English - Basic Phonograms (Eide) > Multi-Letter Phonograms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Multi-Letter Phonograms Deck (49)
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1

ai

/ā/

laid (lād)

Two letter long a /ā/ that may NOT be used at the end of English words.

2

ar

/är/

car (cär)

3

au

/ä/

author (äthor)

Two letter short a /ä/ that may NOT be used at the end of English words.

4

aw

/ä/

saw (sä)

Two letter short a /ä/ that MAY be used at the end of English words.

5

augh

/ä-ăf/

taught (tät)
laugh (lăf)

Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.

6

ay

/ā/

play (plā)

Two letter long a /ā/ that MAY be used at the end of English words.

7

bu

/b/

buy (by)

Two letter /b/

8

cei

/sē/

receive (resēve)

9

ch

/ch-k-sh/

child
school (skool)
chef (shef)

10

ci

/sh/

spacious (spashous)

Short /sh/ used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.

11

ck

/k/

back (bak)

Two letter /k/ used only after a single, short vowel.

12

dge

/j/

edge (ej)

Hard /j/ used only after a single, short vowel.

13

ea

/ē-ĕ-ā/

eat (ēt) - long e
bread (brĕd) - short e
steak (stāke) - long a

14

ear

/er/

search

The /er/ of search.

15

ed

/ĕd-d-t/

traded (tradĕd)
pulled (pulld)
picked (pickt)

Past tense ending.

16

ee

/ē/

tree

Double /ē/.

17

ei

/ā-ē-ī/

their (thār)
protein (protēne)
feisty (fīsty)

May NOT be used at the end of English words.

18

eigh

/ā-ī/

Eight (āte)
height (hīte)

Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.

19

er

/er/

her

The /er/ of her.

20

es

/ĕz-z/

wishes (wishĕz)
tries (trize)

Pleural noun ending and third person singular verb ending.

21

ew

/ö-ū/

flew (flö)
few (fū)

May be used at the end of English words.

22

ey

/ā-ē/

they (thā)
key (kē)

May be used at the end of English words.

23

gn

/n/

sign (sine)

Two letter /n/ used at the beginning or the end of a base word.

24

gu

/g-gw/

Guide
language (langwage)

25

ie

/ē/

field (fēld)

The long e /ē/ of field.

Friend is the only known word where the phonogram ie says short e /ĕ/.

26

igh

/ī/

night (nīte)

Three letter long i /ī/ used only at the end of a base word or before a T.

27

ir

/er/

bird (berd)

The /er/ of bird.

28

kn

/n/

know (no)

Two letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word.

29

ng

/ng/

sing

30

oa

/ō/

coat (cōte)

May NOT be used at the end of English words.

31

oe

/ō-ö/

Toe (tō)
Shoe (shö)

May be used at the end of English words.

32

oi

/oi/

Boil (boyl)

May NOT be used at the end of English words.

33

oo

/ö-ü-ō/

Food (föd)
Took (tük)
floor (flōr)

34

or

/or/

lord

35

ou

/ow-ō-ö-ŭ-ü/

House (howse)
soul (sōl)
group (gröpe)
country (cŭntry)
could (cüld)

May NOT be used at the end of English words.

36

ough

/ŏ-ō-ö-ow-ŭf-ŏf/

thought (thŏt)
though (thō)
through (thrö = throo)
bough (bow)
rough (rŭf)
trough (trŏf)

Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.

37

ow

/ow-ō/

plow
snow (snō)

May be used at the end of English words.

38

oy

/oi/

boy (boi)

May be used at the end of English words.

39

ph

/f/

phone (fone)

Two letter /f/.

40

sh

/sh/

she

Used only at the beginning of a word and at the end of a syllable. Never used at the beginning of any syllable after the first one, except for the ending -ship.

41

si

/sh-zh/

session (se'shion)
division (di'vi'zhon)

Used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.

42

tch

/ch/

butcher (bucher)

Three letter /ch/ used after a single vowel that is NOT long.

43

th

/th-TH/

thin - unvoiced /th/
this - voiced /TH/

44

ti

/sh/

partial (par'shial)

Tall /sh/ used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.

45

ui

/ö/

fruit (fröt = froot)

Two letter /ö/ that may NOT be used at the end of English words.

46

ur

/er/

hurts (herts)

The /er/ of hurt.

47

wh

/wh/

whisper - unvoiced

Used only at the beginning of a base word.

48

wor

/wer/

worm (werm)

49

wr

/r/

write (rite)

Two letter /r/ used only at the beginning of a base word.