Musculoskeletal Exam + Gait Assessment Flashcards Preview

Physical Diagnosis Block III > Musculoskeletal Exam + Gait Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Exam + Gait Assessment Deck (123)
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1

lateral bending

lateral flexion of the trunk (try touching the outside of your ankles with your fingers while facing forward)

2

rotation

turning around a central axis (looking left and right)

3

inversion

when sole on the foot is visible medially

4

eversion

when the sole of the foot is visible laterally

5

supination

rotational movement of the radioulnar joint that positions palm up, or lateral aspect of the foot down

6

pronation

rotational movement of the radioulnar joint that positions palm down and the medial aspect of the feet down

7

radial deviation

wrist or fingers shift in the direction of the radius (thumb)

8

ulnar deviation

wrist or fingers shift in the direction of the ulna (pinky)

9

5/5 muscle strength

full ROM against gravity and resistance

10

3/5 muscle strength

full ROM against gravity (no resistance)

11

passive ROM exceeds AROM by how many degrees?

5

12

Any congenital or acquired muscle disease, marked clinically by focal or diffuse muscular weakness?

Myopathy

13

Any disease of the nerves

Neuropathy

14

disease that affects multiple peripheral nerves

Polyneuropathy

15

break of a bone, an injury upon assessment that is painful, swollen and deformed

fracture

16

trauma to ligaments

sprain, common in ankles

17

trauma to the muscle or the musculotendinous unit

strain

18

displacement of any part

dislocation

19

a partial or incomplete dislocation

sublaxation

20

bone under middle finger

capitate

21

bone under ring finger

hamate

22

bone under pointer finger

trapezoid

23

small bones on thumb

sesamoids

24

bone under thumb

trapezium

25

big bone of bottom of thumb/palm

scaphoid

26

to test for winged scapula

Scapular winging, have patient push against wall

27

to test for rotator cuff tear

Drop arm test, arm held out abducted at 90 degrees, with gentle pressure downward to arm drops and he is unable to lower his arm slowly to his side

28

to test for biceps tendonitis

Yergason test, arm flexed at 90 at patient's side. hold wrist and elbow at try to externally rotate arm while patient resists and pull downward on his elbow at the same time. If tendon is unstable in groove, will pop out and elicit pain = positive.

29

to test for shoulder dislocation

Apprehension test, abduct and externally rotate arm to position where might easily dislocate, patient will have a noticeable look of apprehension or alarm and will resist further motion.

30

to test for tennis elbow/lateral epicondylitis

Tennis elbow test, elbow flexed 90 degrees, stabilize forearm at lateral epicondyle, palm down, and instruct patient to make fist and apply pressure to top of fist - pain in epicondyle is positive