music and emotion in arab world Flashcards Preview

Ethnomusicology 1 > music and emotion in arab world > Flashcards

Flashcards in music and emotion in arab world Deck (14):
1

laments

universaldescending scales
small/normal range
wept song

2

tarab

-concept of enchantment, musical ecstasy in Arabic music
-usually associated with vocal music but instrumental music can produce same effect
-Arabic music aims to draw emotion from its audience, tarab - move listener emotionally

3

e.g. of tarab

e.g. samai bayati ibrahim
heterophony
magam mode (half notes used)
ritornello forms
natural flats and sharps
harmony and embellishment - compliment each other - call and response - cadences
modulation

4

Takht

Arabic music ensemble similar to a Western string/chamber ensemble
oud, qanan, kamanjah/violin, ney riq/tabla/daff (frame drum)
melodic instruments may play heterophonically in octaves or play solos

5

velvele

audience's response to soloist
soloist expresses individuality and audience responds e.g. by making noise

6

music social order

singers = most important, drummers = least
musical behaviour - cues for who plays next solo similar to jazz and Irish music - communication through musical behaviour shows music as socially organised sound

7

concert

social and musical event

8

musical lazimat

melodies to achieve wajd (spiritual ecstasy)
high tessitura - awj - musical and dramatic climax, highest point of piece - heavenly
modulations and other features within song used to achieve ecstasy as well

9

hijazhar

deeply felt emotion

10

a.j. Racy

alat (instrumental) and mutrib (singer) makes tarab
the singer is a master of emotion and can create wajd, has music and power (saltanach)
focuses on tarab (enchantment) - refers to the music and the feeling behind it

11

emotions

inform how we see the world - can show through music

12

Rouget

-"Arabic music has the power of inducing trance", "words are charged with meaning"
-Racy comments that Rouget doesn't see ecstatic value in non texted secular or sacred Arabic music
-focuses on trance music - music and power, ecstasy - how music can make people feel entranced, it is divine, can draw you in

13

music and emotion

power to change mood/emotion and articulate feelings - used at weddings, funerals
Gamelan articulates social and political sound, ensembles paid for by Court shows Court's political power demonstrating perhaps with this Court has power over emotions
communicate through music

14

frame drum

Veronica Doubleday
men, music and power - downgraded "women's instruments" - power over music and emotion for women?
middle east - frame drum/daff associated with women, now played by all