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Flashcards in Music History Deck (25):
1

A chorus from Messiah

Hallelujah Chorus

2

Who wrote the Messiah?

George Frideric Handel

3

what is an oratorio?

- a large scale choral work
- usually sacred and based on a biblical story
- components include an overture, recitatives, arias, and choruses
- performed in a concert setting, without costumes, staging, or scenery

4

what is a chorus?

- a vocal composition, often included in oratorios and other large-scale choral works
- often written for SATB

5

soprano

a female voice, high in register

6

alto

a female voice, low in register

7

tenor

a male voice, high is register

8

bass

a male voice, low in register

9

Genre (Hallelujah Chorus)

chorus from an oratorio

10

Performing forces (Hallelujah Chorus)

SATB chorus accompanied by orchestra

11

Text source (Hallelujah Chorus)

drawn from the New Testament of the Bible

12

word painting

a device often used to depict the meaning of the text in vocal music

13

Who wrote the Magic Flute?

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

14

what is an opera?

- a play set to music
- performing forces: soloists, chorus, orchestra
- scenery, costumes, and lighting are combined with the music to tell story

15

what is an aria?

- solo song in an opera or oratorio
- allows character to express his or her feelings and emotions

16

Aria from the Magic Flute

Queen of the Night Aria

17

Genre (Queen of the Night Aria)

aria from opera

18

Performing forces (Queen of the Night Aria)

coloratura soprano accompanied by orchestra

19

coloratura soprano

a special voice type trained to execute virtuosic passages of music

20

Who wrote Over the Rainbow

Harold Arlen

21

where is Over the Rainbow from?

The Wizard of Oz

22

what is a verse--chorus structure

- common song structure in popular music
- verses developed the character/storyline while the "chorus" acts as a tuneful refrain

23

Genre (Over the Rainbow)

solo song, from the film The Wizard of Oz

24

Performing forces (Over the Rainbow)

solo voice (Originally composed for Judy Garland) and orchestra

25

Lyricist (Over the Rainbow)

Edgar Yipsel Harburg