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Flashcards in Music Terms Deck (38):
1

Rhythm section

the instruments in a group that provide the most prominent rhythmic and harmonic foundation of the music; usually piano, bass, guitar, drums, tuba, banjo.

2

Front line

in contrast to the rhythm section, these are the instruments that will usually play the melody and improvise solo's; saxophones, clarinets, trumpets, and trombones

3

Tempo

the speed of a particular piece (or passage) of music

4

Form/Structure

the general framework of a piece of music, usually described in sections

5

Blues (form)

a song structure built on 3 chords and most often 12 bars in length

6

Phrase

a short group of pitches, forming a melodic motif or idea

7

Song/Melody

a number of musical phrases combined together in sections

8

Swing feel/swing

rhytmic "feel" common to jazz where basic pulse is subdivided into triplets

9

syncopation

accenting a normally weak beat or weak part of the beat

10

Chorus

the main body of the song form which is repeated many times for improvised solos

11

Vibrato

the fluctuation of the pitch of a vocal or instrumental tone used as expressive device

12

"Comping"

short for accompanying; a term used to describe how a rhythm section player plays behind a soloist

13

Two-feel

a rhythm section style that emphasizes the first and third beat of a four beat measure

14

Walking bass

a bass style in which a separate tone is played on each beat of the measure

15

Stop Time

a way of accompanying a soloist when the ensemble will make an accent together usually on the first beat of each bar

16

Chart/arrangement

an adaptation of a musical composition in which the arranger writes out what each individual musician has to play.

17

boogie woogie

a piano style characterized by repetitive left-hand bass figures and improvised melodic variations in the right hand

18

solo break

a short break in the music so the soloist can begin an improvisation

19

Double time/double time feel

when the tempo os the music becomes twice as fast (or when the feeling is implied)

20

voicing

a term describing which particular pitches are used in spelling a chord

21

Voice leading

a term used to describe how notes in a chord move to the following chord

22

Jazz standard

a tune that has become part of an accepted repertoire of tunes that most jazz players know

23

modulation

moving from one key/key centre to another

24

chord changes/ chord progression

a series of chords used as a melody harmonization or for an improvised solo

25

Chops

slang term describing technical proficiency on an instrument

26

Turnaround

a short series of chords used to establish a key centre

27

Block chords

chords that move in parallel motion

28

Ballad

a piece played at a very slow tempo

29

Jam session

an informal gathering of musicians where each soloist will have a turn to improvise, usually on a jazz standard

30

ride cymbal pattern

a rhythmic pattern played by the drummer on a cymbal as the main time keeping device

31

Arpeggio

notes of a chord played sequentially rather than at the same time

32

Coda

the ending of a piece usually made up of material outside the song structure

33

fake book

compilation of printed songs in basic form indicating only melody line and chord progressions

34

Trading 4's (or 8's)

when two or more instruments will trade solo statements for four bars each

35

Harmonic Rhythm

the pace at which the chord progression of a tune moves

36

Vamp

A short cord progression, often repeated for use in intros and endings

37

Modal Jazz

jazz style using modes for harmonic foundation

38

Collective improvisation

a situation when all members of a group improvise simultaneously.