Music Theory and Composition Flashcards Preview

Texas EC-12 Music Exam > Music Theory and Composition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Music Theory and Composition Deck (11):
1

Affrentando

To hurry

2

Simple Musical Form

A complete and self contained work that is not divisible into other, smaller self-contained works. Example: Binary, Ternary forms. Neither A nor B may divide in to smaller forms.

3

Compound Musical Form

A composite form made up of smaller simple forms such as binary and ternary forms. Example: Minuetto and Trio, in which the simple Munuetto form surrounds the simple binary Trio form to create an overall ternary compound form. Other examples: Sonata movements, symphony movements, string quartets, and suites.

4

Tertian harmony

Principally uses chords played in thirds.

5

Antiphonal voicing

alternating sections or parts.

6

Anacrusis

An Upbeat or a pickup note(s); a term used for unstressed notes at the beginning of a phrase of music.

7

Hemiola

3:2 (could be three in one part while two in the bottom, or a melodic sequence of 3 and then 2 in a single line)

8

Diminution

A Renaissance and Baroque ornamentation which consists of the restatement of a melody in which the note values are shortened, usually by half.

9

Sequence

A progression of chords which ends in a cadence.

10

Heterophonic

The practice of two or more musicians simultaneously performing slightly different versions of the same melody. Each version would be characterised as improvised or ornamented versions of the melody as opposed to harmonized versions of a melody as in polyphonic music.

11

Rubato

A practice common in Romantic compositions of taking part of the duration from one note and giving it to another. It involves the performer tastefully stretching, slowing, or hurrying the tempo as she/he sees fit, thus imparting flexibility and emotion to the performance.