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Flashcards in Nasal Cavity Diseases Deck (13):
1

90% of cases of infectious rhinitis

Feline herpes virus, feline calicivirus

2

10% of cases

chlamoydophila felis, mycoplasma, coronavirus, bordetlla

3

Feline herpes virus

Rhinotracheitis;

  • Establishes lifelong latency
  • Treatment- oral antivirals(Famciclovir and acyclovir), but supportive is the main therapy
  • Vaccination- parental or intra-nasal
  • ulcerative keratisis, punctate, or dendritic ulcers

4

Feline Calicivirus

  • High mutation rate
  • Direction transmission or via fomites
  • Ulcers on the nose, tongue, hard palate, pneumonia, lameness
  • can get limping kitten syndrome
  • Tx- antiboditics, supportive care

5

Chlamydophila felis

  • conjunctivitis with chemosis
  • Tx- topical tetracyclines or erythromycin

6

Is bacterial rhinitis a primary disease process?

No- it's very rarely a primary disease process; mucopurlent to purlent nasal discharge

Secondary to an underlying disease process

7

What are the most common types of fungal rhinitis in cats and dogs?

dogs- aspergillus

Cats and dogs- cryptococcus neoformans and var gattir

8

Nasal aspergillosis

  • Nasal  ulceration and depigmentation
  • Tx- debridment with clotrimazole and systemic antifungals

9

Pneumonyssus canium

  • lives in the nasal cavity
  • not in cats
  • Tx- with ivermectin

10

Lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis

  • lymphocytic and plasmacytic infiltration
  • Can be uni- or bilateral nasal discharge
  • Tx-nasal steroids,

11

Is lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis common?

No! with the same CS these are much more common

 

  1. Neoplasia
  2. Fungus
  3. Foreign body

12

Nasal Neoplasia

  • Most common are adenocarcinoma

13

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

  • Immotile cillary syndrom
  • Rare
  • affects the  nasal cavities, trachea, and lower airways
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