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Flashcards in Natural Law Deck (22):
1

Background

-Greek and Roman influences
-Antigone, Thebes forbids burial of brother, argued laws by God cannot be changed
-Stoic view

2

Nicomachen Ethics Quote

'The natural is that which everywhere is equally valid'

3

St Paul quote

'A law that is written in the hearts of gentiles'

4

Reason and human purpose

-Eternal law of divine reason is perceived through revelation, in the form of the word of God (Bible) and through the use of human reason
-Reason determines that ultimate destiny of human life is fellowship with God
'Humans should do good and avoid evil'

5

Real and apparent goods

Human nature...

-Essentially good, as natural law is within everyone

6

Apparent good

-Human actions not in pursuit of perfection
-E.g. Adulterer commits adultery because they believe it is good, error of reason as adultery prevents closeness with God

7

How to correctly distinguish between apparent and real goods?

Use reason rightly
-Isn't easy as we are tempted by what we like doing, which may not be truly good for us

8

Reason identifies 'natural' or 'cardinal' values:

Prudence, fortitude, temperance, Justice

9

Scripture reveals theological virtues:

Faith, hope and charity

10

What must these virtues become?

Habitual

11

Exterior and interior acts

Both the intention and the act are important
E.g help old lady across room (good exterior act) to impress someone (bad interior act) is wrong

12

God intentions don't always lead to good actions example

If I steal money to give to a friend in need, theft isn't made good by my intention

13

Why can't physical pleasures be final end?

Animals can experience them

14

Primary precepts

Preservation
Ordered society
Worship God
Education
Reproduce

(Secondary precepts derived from them)

15

What two words can be used to describe natural law?

Absolutist and deontological

16

Doctrine of double effect

If doing something morally good has a morally bad side effect it is ethically Ok to do it provided the bad side effect wasn't intended, even if you foresaw the bad effect would probably happen

17

Strength

Universality

-Tool got moral reasoning and common nature of morality for all people, goes beyond any one religion or culture
-Attractive in world that suffers from intercultural strife and disharmony

18

Strength

Common rules

-Enabled people to establish common rules in order to structure communities
-In a relativist era that is suffering from a breakdown in traditional social structures

19

Strength

Way of living

-BL isn't simply a set of rules, but a way of living
-It gives us day-to-day guidance and links them to the fundamental principles of life

20

Weakness

Is there a common law?

-Is there a common NL that is apparent, is it 'one since fits all', can rules be deduced from the primary precepts

21

Weakness

Justified wrong acts

Sexual actual could be justified on accounts of benefits to the relationship

22

Weakness

Kai Nelson quote

'From a point of view of science, there is no such thing as an essential human nature'