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Flashcards in Natural Products And Vitamins Deck (17)
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Vitamin A

Retinol

1

Vitamin B1

Thiamine

2

Vitamin B 12

Cobalamin

3

Vitamin B2

Riboflavin

4

Vitamin B3

Niacin

5

Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine

6

Vitamin B9

Folic acid

7

Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid

8

Three areas of particular safety concern with natural products

Products that increased bleeding risk, interactions between prescription drugs and St. John's wort, and natural products that may be a hepatotoxic

9

Natural products that can increase bleeding risk

Ginkgo biloba increases bleeding risk with no effect on the INR

Fish oil, garlic, ginseng, glucosamine, grapefruit vitamin E

10

Calcium supplementation card 1

Required with all prescription medications for low bone density

Adequate calcium intake is critically important in children, pregnancy, and during the years around menopause when bone loss is rapid

Vitamin D is required for calcium absorption and low levels contribute to various health conditions including autoimmune conditions and cancer

11

Calcium supplementation card 2

Calcium absorption is saturable therefore doses should be divided

Calcium citrate has better absorption and maybe preferred in patients using H2 antagonist and PPI's

Calcium carbonate also known as tums has acid dependent absorption and should be taken with meals

12

Vitamin D supplementation

Recommended intake for people up to age 70 is 600 international units daily and for patients over 71 years the recommended intake of vitamin D is 800 international units daily

Recommended intake from various sources is up to 2000 international units daily

50,000 units of vitamin D is often use and renal disease for short-term in adults with deficiency to replenish stores

Vitamin D3 is the preferred source vitamin D3 is also known as cholecalciferol

13

Folic acid supplementation

Any woman planning to conceive and all women of childbearing age should be taking a bullet acid supplement of 400 800 µg daily which is .4 to .8 mg daily to help prevent birth defects of the brain and spinal cord

Should be taken at least one month before pregnancy and continued for the first to the three-months of pregnancy

14

Vitamin E

Excess intake is considered a health risk particularly cardiovascular risk and patient should not exceed 150 international units daily

15

Vitamin requirements for infants and children

Exclusively breast-fed infants for babies drinking lost them 1 L of baby formula need 400 international unit of vitamin D daily this can be found in Poly-Vi-Sol or generic products

16

Iron requirements for infants and children

0 to 4 months: no supplement required
4-6 months: formulas contain adequate iron but breast-fed babies need 1 mg per kilogram per day for the first six months
6-12 months: need 11 mg per day
1-3 years: need 7 mg per day
Adolescent girls: monitor for anemia once they begin menstruating