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Flashcards in Nature's Chemistry Deck (17):
1

what is an isomer

compounds with the same molecular formula, different structural formula

2

when naming hydrocarbons, hyphens go between

numbers and letters, commas go between numbers only

3

an exothermic reaction ____?

gives out heat energy, resulting in a temperature increase

4

an endothermic reaction ______?

takes in heat energy, resulting in a temperature increase

5

uses for alchohols

alchoholic drinks, perfume, fuels

6

uses for alkanes

cooking gases, petrol

7

uses for alkenes

fuels and solvents

8

uses for cycloalkanes

diesel and motor fuel

9

formula for combustion

hydrocarbon + O2 = CO2 + H2O

10

uses for carboxylic acids

pickling and cleaning

11

what is a homologous series

series of compounds with same general formula, similar chemical properties and a trend in physical properties

12

test for oxygen

relights a glowing splint

13

test for CO2

turns limewater cloudy

14

test for H2O

turns cobalt chloride paper from blue to pink

15

when does incomplete combustion occur

when there is not enough oxygen

16

incomplete combustion can produce

carbon monoxide

17

a fuel is ______?

a substance which reacts exothermically with oxygen (gives out energy, resulting in temperature increase)