Nause and vomiting treatment Flashcards
What is sialorrhea?
Increased secretion of daliva rhat slows through the mouth
What is arcade?
Violent mocmeent of tbe stomach and esophagus to induce vomiting
What is kinetosis?
Motion sickness, fatigue, loss of balance, nausea and vomiting
Vomiting triggers what?
The release of mediators such as 5-HT by the enterochromaffin cells in the linning of the digestive tract
The neurotransmitters invovled in vomiting activate what?
Signals in the vagal afferent nerve fibers
Vomiting is more in common in which demographic?
Peoole between the ages of 15-24 years of age. Less frequent in children and the elderly
Which is a common complication in the post operative period?
Nausea and vomiting
What is one of the most distressing sode effects of the cancer treatment?
Nause and vomiting
What happens in the pre expulsion period?
Gastric relaxation and retro-peristalsis
What is retch?
Rythmic action of the respiratory muscles that precedes vomiting and consists of contraction of the abdominal and intercostal muscles and the diaphragm ahaisnt a closed glottis that elevates the intra-gastric pressure
What happens during expulsion?
Intense contraction of the muscles of the abdomen and relaxation of the high esophageal sphincter. A phasic and simultaneous contraction of the pylorus prevents the caudal propulsion of the gastric contents, forcing the opening pf the lower esophageal sphincter after the simultaneous relaxation of the body anf gastric fundus
Cinnarizine is indicated for?
Vertigo/meniers disease/ nausea and vomiting/motion sickness/vestibular symptoms of other origins
Cinnarizine is an antagonist of which receptors?
Histamine H1 receptor
Voltage-dependant L-type calcium channel
Voltage-dependant T-type calcium channel
Cinnarizine is a binder of?
Dopamine receptor D1 and D2
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor
Dimenhydrinate is an anti emetics drug combination that contains diphenhydramine and ?