NAVEDTRA 14325, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, BASIC (BMR) Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NAVEDTRA 14325, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, BASIC (BMR) Chapter 5 Deck (63):
1

What date did the Second Continental Congress create the United States Navy by authorizing the purchase of two vessels? (Page 5-1)

October 13, 1775

2

Ships-of-the-line, Frigates, along with what else were the three major classes of vessels during the Revolutionary war and into the 19th century? (Page 5-2)

Sloops-of-War

3

Which ships were the largest of all the sailing warships carrying 64 to over 100 guns of various sizes during the revolutionary war and into the 19th century? (Page 5-2)

Ships-of-the-line

4

How many guns were generally carried by Frigates during the revolutionary war and into the 19th century? (Page 5-2)

28 to 44

5

Which type of vessel was characterized as a small, fast, flexible, flush-deck ship that carried smooth-bore cannons? (Page 5-2)

Schooner

6

What was the name of the first warfare submarine? (Page 5-2)

Turtle

7

What was the first U.S. Navy flagship that is said to be the first U.S. naval vessel where the “Flag of Freedom” was hoisted by John Paul Jones? (Page 5-2)

USS Alfred

8

What year was the first Continental Navy squadron put to sea by Esek Hopkins? (Page 5-3)

1776

9

Who is the father of our highest naval traditions? (Page 5-3)

John Paul Jones

10

What became one of the first foreign powers to recognize the struggling government of the American Colonies? (Page 5-4)

France

11

At the end of the Revolutionary War, a new federal government was established. In 1783, the Navy was down to five ships. The Navy was disbanded, and the last frigate, the USS Alliance, was sold in what year? (Page 5-5)

1785

12

What year was the Department of the Navy established by John Adams? (Page 5-5)

1798

13

What war was the origin of the famous expression “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute”? (Page 5-6)

Quasi War

14

What nickname was earned by the USS Constitution when Captain Isaac Hull defeated the British frigate Guerriere with it on August 19, 1812? (Page 5-6)

Old Ironsides

15

Who defeated a British squadron on Lake Erie on September 10, 1813, and wrote his dispatch “We have met the enemy and they are ours.”? (Page 5-6)

Captain Oliver Hazard Perry

16

Who was the first to successfully power a commercial steamboat with steam? (Page 5-7)

Robert Fulton

17

What was the first Navy warship to use steam? (Page 5-7)

USS Demologos

18

What year did the Navy launch the USS Pennsylvania which was the largest of ship-of-the-line vessel? (Page 5-7)

1837

19

What year did the Navy launch the USS Missouri and the USS Mississippi which were our first ocean-going, steam-driven capital ships? (Page 5-7)

1841

20

What year did the Navy launch the USS Michigan which was the first iron-hulled warship? (Page 5-7)

1843

21

Who is referred to as the “Father of the Steam Navy”? (Page 5-7)

Commander Matthew Calbraith Perry

22

What year was the USS Princeton which was the Navy’s first successful steamship launched? (Page 5-7)

1843

23

What year was USS New Ironsides, that had armor allowing it to survive 50 hits in one battle, launched by the Union? (Page 5-8)

1862

24

Which war saw the most changes and advances made in ship design than during any period since the Navy originated in 1775? (Page 5-8)

Civil War

25

Which submarine was a jinx to the Confederate Navy? (Page 5-8)

CSS Hunley

26

What gave the famous order “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!” on August 5th, 1864? (Page 5-9)

David Farragut

27

Who defined sea power, showed the importance of understanding naval needs, and advocated a large, powerful Navy capable of assembling an overwhelming force to defeat the enemy’s Navy? (Page 5-10)

Alfred T. Mahan

28

How many Navy ships were in active service a year and a half after the Civil War? (Page 5-10)

56

29

Which vessel has been labeled as the first modern cruiser in the U.S. Fleet? (Page 5-10)

USS Newark

30

What year did the USS Cushing which was one of the Navy’s first torpedo boats join the fleet? (Page 5-10)

1890

31

What year did the periscope start being replaced as the submarine’s basic visual aid? (Page 5-11)

1958

32

What was the name of the first operational submarine in the Navy? (Page 5-12)

USS Holland

33

The USS Skipjack (SS 24) along with what else were the first vessels to have diesel engines installed? (Page 5-12)

USS Sturgeon (SS 25)

34

What year did construction begin on the first United States Navy Destroyer? (Page 5-12)

1899

35

How many destroyers were ordered during World War I? (Page 5-12)

273

36

The USS Texas along with which other vessel were the first two commissioned battleships? (Page 5-13)

USS Maine

37

Who was the U.S. Navy’s first officer in charge of aviation? (Page 5-13)

Captain Washington Irving Chambers

38

Who successfully took off from and landed a biplane on a platform rigged aboard USS Pennsylvania (ACR 4) demonstrating the practical use of naval aircraft? (Page 5-13)

Eugene Ely

39

Who was the first Naval Aviator? (Page 5-13)

Lieutenant T. G. Ellyson

40

What was the first battleship to use oil? (Page 5-13)

USS Nevada (BB 36)

41

What year did the Great White Fleet depart Hampton Roads, Virginia for a round-the-world cruise to display the flag? (Page 5-14)

1907

42

What was the main German U-boats defense? (Page 5-14)

Destroyers

43

The USS Nicholson along with what other destroyer were the first U.S. ships to sink an enemy submarine on November 17, 1917? (Page 5-14)

USS Fanning

44

What year was the recommendation given by a Navy surgeon to employ women in hospitals in order to care for the Navy’s sick and wounded? (Page 5-14)

1811

45

What year were the Nurse Corps officially established? (Page 5- 14)

1908

46

Who piloted the NC-4 which became the first airplane to fly across the Atlantic? (Page 5-15)

LCDR Albert C. Read

47

What year did the USS Ranger join the fleet? (Page 5-15)

1934

48

What year did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor? (Page 5-16)

1941

49

Which battle was fought entirely with aircraft launched from carriers? (Page 5-16)

Coral Sea

50

Which battle was the turning point of the war in the Pacific? (Page 5-17)

Midway

51

What year was the invasion of Normandy? (Page 5-17)

1944

52

Which war did radar and sonar came into full use? (Page 5-18)

World War II

53

What year did Congress authorize the Women’s Reserve establishment with an estimated goal of 10,000 enlisted women and 1,000 officers? (Page 5-18)

1942

54

What was the first Reserve classification for female officers? (Page 5-18)

W-V(S)

55

What year did a squadron of FH-1 Phantoms qualify for carrier operations aboard the USS Saipan (CVL-48)? (Page 5-19)

1948

56

What year did the Korean Conflict end? (Page 5-21)

1953

57

What was the first nuclear submarine put to sea on January 17, 1955? (Page 5-21)

USS Nautilus

58

Who made America’s first suborbital flight on May 5, 1961? (Page 5-22)

Commander Alan B. Shepard, Jr.

59

What year did America enter the Vietnam conflict? (Page 5-23)

1965

60

What was the first nuclear-powered carrier in the world? (Page 5-24)

USS Enterprise (CVN 65)

61

Former Navy pilot Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the moon on what date? (Page 5-24)

July 20, 1969

62

What was the Navy’s first deep diving vehicle? (Page 5-24)

USS Alvin

63

What was the first Trident submarine which was a nuclear powered fleet ballistic missile submarine? (Page 5-24)

USS Ohio (SSBN-726)