Nazis and the Church Flashcards Preview

HISTORY: Life in Nazi Germany > Nazis and the Church > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nazis and the Church Deck (21)
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1
Q

what was Hitlers views on religion

A

believed it was a threat to nazis control as people worshiped God not him

2
Q

why did Hitler try and work with the catholic and protestant churches at first

A

attacking the church could’ve caused serious opposition as Germany was very religious ; especially since Nazi views opposed catholic views

3
Q

what fraction of germany was protestant abs what fraction was catholic

A

2/3 protestant

1/3 catholic

4
Q

what was the concordat

A

Hitler and the Pope sighed an agreement not to interfere with each other’s business

5
Q

why did Hitler sign the concordat

A

it was an attempt to keep 33 million germans on his side

6
Q

give 3 ways Hitler broke the concordat

A

catholic schools brought under nazi control
Catholic Youth League banned
catholic priests sent to concentration camps

7
Q

when did the Pope openly criticise Nazi regime

A

1937

8
Q

what happened because of the Popes critiques of the Nazi regime

A

400 priests sent to concentration camps

9
Q

when were all catholic schools shut down

A

1939

10
Q

what was banned /closed in 1938 (2)

A

monasteries closed

RE banned from being taught

11
Q

what was the religion the Nazis set up and when was it set up

A

German Faith Movement 1934

12
Q

what teachings did the GFM replace christian ones with

A

pagan teachings

13
Q

when was the Reich Church set up

A

1936

14
Q

what was the purpose of the Reich Church

A

brought all protestant churches under Nazi control

15
Q

who was the Reich Bishop

A

Ludwig Muller

16
Q

give 3 features of the Reich Church

A

bible replaced with Mein Kampf
swastika replaced the cross
all Jewish teachings from Old Testament removed

17
Q

did the Nazis succeed in controlling the Church and why

A

no because the majority of Germans chose to keep quiet and still practiced their religion however Hitler managed to weaken the churches resistance as protestant churches were nazified

18
Q

who was the main opposition to Hitler and what was his religion

A

Martin Niemoller the Protestant

19
Q

what organisation did Niemoller set up

A

the PEL (Protestant Emergency League)

20
Q

what did the PEL do

A

campaign against Nazis

21
Q

how did Hitler handle opposition from the church

A

PEL banned and Niemoller sent to concentration camp

until 1945