Flashcards in Neonatal assessment Deck (52)
What is the fetal lung volume
Retained liquid in the lung is thought to cause
transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)
Lung inflation releases what
5 parameters of the APGAR score
HR, Respiratory effort, Reflex irritability, color
3 characteristics of Persistent Pulmonary HTN of the Newborn
Sustained Elevated PVR
Decreased lung perfusion
Continued R-L shunting (patent foramen ovale and ductus arteriosus)
What is the drug of choice in the fetus with bradycardia and decreased CO?
Normal Respiratory Frequency Infant/Adult?
The MV:FRC is _____x higher in the newborn
Normal TV in Infant/Adult?
Normal FRC in Infant/Adult?
_________/________may develop after stimulation of carina or SLN, following AW obstruction, of following lung inflation (Hering-Breuer reflex)
What terminates between L2 and L3 in neonates?
The neonatal diaphragm is more responsive to (NDMRs or DMRs?)
NDMRs- Like Roc
What are some signs of fetal pain?
The anterior fontanelle closes by age____
The blood/brain barriers is immature until about what age?
AW obstruction, Bronchospasm, Pulmonary Aspiration, Inadequate 02 delivery, Pneumothorax
What are respiratory causes of neonatal bradycardia and cardiac arrest?
What are Pharmacologic causes of neonatal bradycardia and cardiac arrest?
Inhalation Anesthetics, Succinylcholine, Anticholinesterases (Neostigmine).
Celiac reflex, Oculocardiac Reflex, SLN/Recurrent nerve stimulation
What are some neurogenic causes of neonatal bradycardia and cardiac arrest?
Hypoglycemia, Anemia, Hypothermia, Acidosis
What are the metabolic causes of neonatal bradycardia and cardiac arrest?
Neonates have a ____ GFR and Renal Blood Flow. What is the typical neonatal GFR?
Low GFR- 1.6ml/min/kg
GFR reaches normal by _______
1-2 years (12-24 months)
What is indicative of hypovolemia or decreased renal function in the neonate?
Half life of meds are ____ in the neonate.
Neonates are obligate _____ excreters.
Appropriate ETT size for the FULL TERM NEONATE
What is the most appropriate size ETT for a premature neonate?
Size ETT for 3month to 12 month old
The length of insertion for neonatal ETT should be
<10cm, between 8-10cm