Flashcards in Nerves Deck (26)
Contains unmyelinated axons
Contains myelinated axons
How many pairs of nerves are there?
31 pairs of nerves
What are the 4 major plexuses?
Largest region of the brain where conscious thought and all intellectual functions originate.
Elevated ridges which increase the surface area of the cerebral cortex.
Shallow depressions in the brain.
Deeper grooves in the brain.
In the cerebrum is found in the cerebral cortex and in the basal nuclei
Lies under the cerebral cortex and surrounds the basal nuclei
Left or right side are called______
Divides the left and right hemishperes
Primary cortex that voluntarily controls skeletal muscles, cognition, reasoning, and logic.
Primary sensory cortex that controls the conscious perception of touch, pressure, vibration, pain, temperature, and taste.
Visual cortex that controls the conscious perception of visual stimulus
Auditory cortex and olfactory cortex that control the conscious perception of auditory and olfactory stimuli.
Endocrine gland that releases nine hormones.
Stalk that connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Prominent areas that process sensory information including olfactory sensations and control reflex movements associated with eating (chewing, licking, and sucking)
Area where the optic nerves cross before entering the brain.
Prominent structures associated with the hypothalamus are: 4
Second largest portion of the brain
Regulates posture and balance
Compares the intended and actual movements to refine learned movement patterns
Includes the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain (mesenchephalon)