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Flashcards in New Deck (210):
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Movement away from the midline

Abduction

1

Movement towards the midline

Adduction

2

Front

Anterior

3

Farther from the surface

Deep

4

Farther from the limb root

Distal

5

Upwards flexion of the foot

Dorsiflexion

6

Rolled outward

Everted

7

Straightening out

Extension

8

Outside

External

9

Bending or angulation

Flexion

10

Lower, further from the head

Inferior

11

Inside

Internal

12

Rolled inward

Inverted

13

Farther from the midline

Lateral

14

Nearer to the midline

Medial

15

Palm side of hand or body

Palmar or volar

16

Sole side of foot

Plantar

17

Downward flexion of the foot

Plantarflexion

18

Back of body

Posterior or dorsal

19

Face down

Prone

20

Nearer to the limb root

Proximal

21

Nearer to the surface

Superficial

22

Upper, nearer to the head

Superior

23

Face up

Supine

24

Ovaries and Fallopian tubes

Adnexa

25

Enlargement of the lymph nodes

Adenopathy

26

Without fever

Afebrile

27

Able to walk

Ambulatory

28

Any abnormal widening of a blood vessel due to disease or weakening of the vessels wall

Aneurysm

29

Chest pain due to lack of blood flow to the heart muscle

Angina

30

A blood test that suggest an unmeasured acid in the blood (ie aspirin overdose)

Anion gap

31

Unequal pupil sizes

Anisocoria

32

Abnormal heart rhythm

Arrhythmia

33

Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

Artery

34

Pain in joint

Arthralgia

35

Connection between bones

Articulation

36

Partial collapse of small airways in lungs

Atelectasis

37

A very fast arrhythmia of the heart that needs slowing down or conversion

Atrial flutter/fibrillation

38

A forcible tearing away of a part or structure

Avulsion

39

Underarm

Axilla

40

A group of drugs that slows down heart rate and lowers blood pressure

Beta blocker

41

An abnormally slow heart beat

Bradycardia

42

Abnormally slow breathing

Bradypnea

43

A murmer or sound heard in auscultation

Bruit

44

Enlargement of the heart

Cardiomegaly

45

Earwax

Cerumen

46

Pertaining to the neck or the cervix of the uterus

Cervical

47

A pink inside lining of the eyeballs

Conjunctiva

48

Transparent coat of the eyeball covering the iris and pupil

Cornea

49

A crackling or grating sound, usually of bones

Crepitus

50

Blood test measuring kidney function

Creatinine

51

Bluish skin color due to lack of oxygenation

Cyanotic

52

Pressure sore on skin

Decubitus

53

Removal of dead or contaminated tissue from a wound

Debridement

54

The condition of teeth

Dentition

55

True skin, beneath the epidermis

Dermis

56

Excessive or profuse sweating or perspiration

Diaphoresis

57

A list of potential diagnoses to explain a set of symptoms

Differential diagnosis

58

Difficult of painful menstruation

Dysmenorrhea

59

Painful intercourse

Dyspareunia

60

Indigestion

Dyspepsia

61

Being pregnant

Gravid

62

Blood in urine

Hematuria

63

Tumor consisting of blood vessels

Hemangioma

64

Vomiting of blood

Hematemesis

65

Bright red Blood in stool

Hematochezia

66

Swelling with blood which occurs in an organ or tissue

Hematoma

67

No blood detected by chemical test, usually in stool or urine

Heme negative

68

Coughing up blood, bloodstained sputum

Hemoptysis

69

Excessive or profuse bleeding

Hemorrhage

70

Blood present in the pleural cavity

Hemothorax

71

Enlargement of liver and spleen

Hepatosplenomegaly

72

Elevation of cholesterol and triglycerides in blood

Hyperlipedemia

73

Persistently High or arterial blood pressure

Hypertension

74

Consistently low blood pressure

Hypotension

75

Bowel lacks normal contractions, usually shows as air fluid levels on x Ray

Ileus

76

Hardened tissue, often from infection

Induration

77

Cessation of blood flow causing tissue death

Infarction

78

Pertaining to groin region

Inguinal

79

Structure lying between the bony vertebral bodies

Intervertebral disc

80

Temporary and localized lack of blood flow

Ischemia

81

Articulation of junction between two or more bones of cartilage

Joint

82

Scar formation consisting of dense tissue

Keloid

83

Pertaining to tears

Lacrimal

84

Chemical test to detect possible infection in urine

Leukocyte esterase

85

Fibrous tissue that connects bones together

Ligament

86

Pertaining to the tongue

Lingual

87

Blood test measuring pancreas activity

Lipase

88

Enlargement of lymph nodes

Lymphadenopathy

89

Small colored spot on the skin

Macule

90

Generalized discomfort or weakness

Malaise

91

Projections on either side of the ankle joint from the lower leg bones

Malleolus

92

Imperfect closure or meeting of opposing teeth

Malocclusion

93

Jaw bone

Mandible

94

Cheek or structures near cheek

Maxilla

95

Black tarry stool

Melena

96

Muscular pain

Myalgia

97

Heart attack (coronary artery occlusion)

Myocardial infarction

98

Nostrils

Nares

99

Sharp pain along the course of a nerve

Neuralgia

100

Involuntary rapid eye movements

Nystagmus

101

Back part of skull

Occiput

102

Bony projection of the ulna forming the point of the elbow

Olecranon

103

Enlargement of the abdominal organs

Organomegaly

104

Mouth, orifice

Os

105

Paleness of skin

Pallor

106

Able to be touched

Palpable

107

Woman who has given birth to viable offspring, the viable offspring born by a women

Para

108

Abnormal tactile sensation often described as tingling, burning, or numbness

Paresthesia

109

Abscess that forms behind the tonsil

Peritonsillar abscess

110

Tiny red spot occurring on the skin caused by a small amount of subcutaneous bleeding from the capillaries

Petechia

111

Back of the throat extending up to the nose and down to the vocal cords

Pharynx

112

Abnormal intolerance to light

Photophobia

113

Abnormal presence of air in the pleural space and outside the lung causing the lung to collapse

Pneumothorax

114

Relating to the lungs

Pulmonary

115

Consisting of pus

Purulent

116

Abnormal respiratory sounds heard on auscultation

Rales

117

Thin, watery discharge from the nose

Rhinorrhea

118

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation

Rhonchi

119

White part of the eye

Sclera

120

Presence of pathological microorganisms or their toxins in the blood

Sepsis

121

Long, slender part of the bone

Shaft

122

Spittle, any matter mixed with saliva that is expectorated through the mouth

Sputum

123

Star-shaped, radiating from a center

Stellate

124

A narrowing of a body opening or passage

Stenosis

125

A harsh or high-pitched respiratory sound caused by the obstruction of the upper respiratory tract

Stridor

126

Arising from the atria of the heart

Supraventricular

127

Loss of consciousness, fainting

Syncope

128

Abnormal rapid heart beat

Tachycardia

129

Rapid respiration

Tachypnea

130

Enlargement of thyroid

Thyromegaly

131

Superficial fungal infection of the skin

Tinea

132

Ringing in the ears

Tinnitus

133

The twisting of a bodily organ on its own axis (usually an ovary or testicle)

Torsion

134

A test to check for recent heart attack

Troponin

135

Condition of being extended or swollen

Turgor

136

Inability to urinate

Urinary retention

137

Hives or wheals which are either redder or paler than the surrounding skin and are often itchy

Urticaria

138

Vessel carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart

Vein

139

A spinning sensation caused by an inner ear problem

Vertigo

140

Inflammation of balance mechanism in the inner ear causing dizziness

Vestibulitis

141

Round, localized area of edema to skin attended by severe itching

Wheal

142

Opening of an artery using a wire dilator and placing a stent

Angioplasty

143

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

144

CAD

Coronary artery disease

145

Inserting s wire into the heart via a catheter to measure artery blood flow

Cardiac catheterization

146

Surgical removal of gallbladder

Cholecystectomy

147

Inflammation of gallbladder

Cholecystitis

148

Formation of gallstones in the gallbladder

Cholelithiasis

149

Scaring of the liver

Cirrhosis

150

Formation of an opening between the colon and abdominal wall

Colostomy

151

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

152

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)

153

DVT

Deep vein thrombosis

154

Presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus

Endometriosis

155

Surgical removal of breasts

Mastectomy

156

PE

Pulmonary embolus

157

Continuous seizure activity

Status epilepticus

158

Surgical opening of the chest cavity

Thoracotomy

159

TIA

Transient ischemic attack (minor stroke)

160

TURP

Transurethral removal of prostate

161

Inside the eye

Funduscopic

162

Falling to one side while standing with eyes closed

Rombergs sign

163

Weakness on one side of the body

Hemiparesis

164

Paralysis on one side of the body

Hemiplegia

165

Enlarged thyroid

Thyromegaly (neck)

166

Enlarged lymph nodes

Lymphadenopathy: neck

167

Stiff neck and can be a sign of meningitis

Meningismus: neck

168

Noise from carotid artery narrowing that can be heard through a stethoscope

Carotid Bruit: neck

169

Tenderness directly over spine

Vertebral point tenderness: back

170

CVAT

Costovetebral angle tenderness: back

171

Enlarged liver

Hepatomegaly :abdomen

172

Enlarged spleen

Splenomegaly : abdomen

173

Possible abdominal aortic aneurysm

Pulsatile mass: abdomen

174

Involuntary tensing of the Stomach muscles upon palpation due to irritation of the of rhe abdominal lining

Guarding

175

Pain when releasing hand from palpation

Rebound

176

Infection of the skin noted by erythema, warmth, and tenderness

Cellulitis

177

Blue skin discoloration due to lack of oxygen

Cyanosis: skin

178

Sweating

Diaphoresis: skin

179

Bruising

Ecchymosis: skin

180

Yellow discoloration of the skin

Jaundice: skin

181

Paleness

Pallor: skin

182

JVD

Jugular vein distention (cardio)

183

No consistent pattern to heart rate

Irregularly irregular rhythm

184

Extra beats of the heart

Extrasystoles

185

Sign of Enlargement of the heart

PMI displaced laterally (cardio)

186

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

187

PSVT

Paroxysmal supra ventricular tachycardia

188

Struggling for breath using muscles in the neck

Accessory muscle use

189

Sign of fluid or mass under area being percussed

Dullness or percussion

190

Not moving Do you too painful breathing

Splinting

191

Infection traveling through lymph

Lymphangitis

192

ALOC

altered level of consciousness

193

AMS

Altered mental status

194

ASA

Aspirin

195

BIB

Brought in by

196

BID

Twice per day

197

BLE

Bilateral lower extremity's

198

BSO

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

199

BTL

Bilateral tubal ligation

200

BUE

Bilateral upper extremity's

201

C/W

Consistent with

202

C. Diff

Clostridium difficile

203

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

204

D &C

Dilation and curettage

205

DDD

Degenerative disc disease

206

DJD

Degenerative joint disease

207

LAFB

Left anterior fascicular block

208

LNMP

Last normal menstrual period

209

LVH

Left ventricular hypertrophy