His was a life filled with ADVERSITY, having spent time in jail on three separate occasions, and then finding it difficult to convince employers to hire him.
pacify; make calm
It is easier to aggravate a person than it is to CONCILIATE him or her.
about to happen
Once the thunder and lightning started, we knew that rain was IMMINENT.
Who do you consider the most EMINENT researcher in the field of genetic engineering?
Sheronica could hear the sound of the engine REVERBERATE in the cool autumn air.
become less; diminish
Instead of taking a pain reliever, Carlos simply waited for the pain from his headache to ABATE.
With her straight-A average and her prowess on the soccer field, Mary is the APOTHEOSIS of the scholar-athlete.
Linda wasn't able to ASSUAGE her father's concerns about her recent car trouble.
catch sight of
Although the grass beside the lake was tall and dense, the hunter believed that while hiding there he would still be able to DESCRY the ducks as they landed on the water.
After injuring my foot, I had to walk very GINGERLY.
The effects of the illness rendered the young man almost completely INSENSIBLE.
in a jolly way
With a big smile and a warm hug, my uncle greeted me JOVIALLY.
Two hours into the spelling bee, there were still four contestants VYING for the championship.
If you have a complaint, feel free to speak to me, but please do not BERATE me.
He was hurt by her remarks becuase they were not just critical but also DEROGATORY.
deeply involved; entangled
For years the two neighbors had been EMBROILED in a largely friendly but complicated disagreement over the boundaries of their property lines.
The speaker's comments were clearly intended to IMPUGN the reputation of the congresswoman.
unwilling to compromise
We argued for two hours but neither one of us could convince the other one of anything; I guess we were both pretty INTRANSIGENT.
rule out; prevent
As Flannery O'Connor once said, "Accepting oneself does not PRECLUDE an attempt to become better."
Marta made a witty comment about John's awful haircut, but John was unable to come up with a good REJOINDER.
long, angry speech
At the end of his TIRADE, I was worn out by the length as well as the underlying hostility of his comments.
Because of the fog, the pilot was unable to DISCERN whether the lights up ahead were from a runway.
The critic spoke INCISIVELY about the limitations of recent attempts to understand Shakespeare through computer analysis.
swamp; complicated, confusing or troublesome situation
Due to the abrupt resignation of the prime minister and more than half of his cabinet, the political situation in the country had become a MORASS.
She was PRONE to experiencing headaches whenever her level of stress was high.
In private, the congresswoman seemed uncertain about how to address the budget crisis, but once the cameras were rolling she became more RESOLUTE.
relieve; make easier
The aspirin that Lin took failed to ALLEVIATE the pain from her knee injury.
As he scrubbed the wall, Kevin realized that any attempts to prevent tiny chips of paint from flaking off would be FUTILE.
Although ordinarily a man of few words, Quinton became quite GARRULOUS once he began discussing a topic that interested him.
Because Johannes is so GREGARIOUS, he seeks a job in which he would have many opportunities to interact with people.
Attempting to walk across a busy freeway ay night is PERILOUS, no matter how carefully one proceeds.
Due to his QUERULOUS nature, Juan found fault with all of the solutions i proposed for his computer problem.
completely fill; soak
The moment she walked into the room, her perfume began to SATURATE the air.
not talkative; reserved
The eyewitness did not provide many details about the crime, in part because she was so TACITURN.
After spending most of the day relaxing at the beach and drinking margaritas, the man was so BESOTTED with alcohol and sun he could barely find the way back to his hotel room.
commemorative text on tombstone or monument
The EPITAPH on the gravestone indicated that Smith ahd been a prominent social activist in her day.
anger over injustice
Because they felt that the mayor had been dishonest, the city council addressed him with considerable INDIGNATION.
cut irregularly; slash
The stunt man took precautions so that he would not LACERATE his skin when he leapt through the plate glass window.
Freedom of speech does not give citizens the LIBERTY to say anything they want to say in every possible situation.
monetary; related to money
As a corporate attorney, one of her responsibilities was to protect her company's PECUNIARY interests.
Reading late at night has a SOPORIFIC effect on some people, as it helps them fall right to sleep.
When the ship grazed the iceberg, the captain's STOLIDITY helped keep the crew from becoming overly panicked.
The misician was so late to his own concert that a general TORPOR had settled over the audince well before he took the stage.
Karima's sudden decision to paint her room lavender was one of her more WHIMSICAL ideas.
His crimes call for more CHASTISEMENT than I have the energy to deliver.
thing that resembles, duplicates, or complements another
I suspect that the vice president in my company makes very little money as compared to her COUNTERPART in your company.
Nia's most noticeable ECCENTRICITY is her choice of hair color - orange on one side of her head, blue on the other.
Melanie's hearing loss was not due to accident or illness; rather, it was HEREDITARY
likely; having a preference
I work hard for my money, and so I'm not INCLINED to spend it freely.
Though the recent firings were a serious matter, the employees in Wilma's unit treated the topic of their job security JOCOSELY.
Having studied and written about the visual arts for many years, Dwayne had a REVERENT attitude toward genuises such as Picasso.
She persuaded me to think her way because her arguments were so COGENT and clear.
Alice is a CONSUMMATE chef, capable of creating not only delicious entrees but also appetizers, side dishes, and desserts.
The Jenkins family was easily swindled by the con man due to their CREDULOUSNESS.
correct a mistaken belief
Someone should gently DISABUSE Mike of his belief that he will be a professional basketball player someday, he is too small and too slow.
deceive; create false impression
Tell me what happened; you don't need to DISSEMBLE anymore.
Kyle is a FERVID writer; sometimes he will work on an essay for three or four hours straight without moving from his desk.
Although he was an eloquent speaker, Jones also tended to be LOQUACIOUS, and so his speeches often ran longer than scheduled.
She accused my brother of PREVARICATION, but in fact he had made an honest mistake.
Because the Senator had never been to Florida, the claim that he had been arrested once in Miami was completely SPURIOUS.
Richard studied ASSIDUOUSLY that night so that he wouldn't fail his history test next morning.
Trey guessed that the plumber was INEPT, because when he got home he saw that his basement was knee-deep in water.
Reading this chapter in my calculus book is such an ONEROUS task!
impossible to attack; unalterable
The attorney's closing statement swayed the jury in her client's favor; she spoke with passion, and her logic was UNASSAILABLE.
not discouraged; resolute
She continued to drive toward Anchorage, UNDAUNTED by the blizzard that was raging outside the car.
I'll never know the identity of the CRAVEN person who left an insulting note on my desk but wasn't brave enough to sign it.
a tribute; a formal expression of praise
After her father passed away, Reika prepared an ENCOMIUM to be read at the memorial service in order to honor his memory.
free from blame; absolve
Although he appears to be guilty, a closer look at the evidence will surely EXONERATE the defendant.
generous and noble
How MAGNANIMOUS of her to forgive her ex-husband for years of neglect and hurtful behavior!
According to historical accounts, the king was a NEFARIOUS man who betrayed both friends and enemies without remorse.
overly eager to please; servile
Jill had a disturbingly OBSEQUIOUS way of trying to win favor with authority figures.
Benedict Arnold was a well-known QUISLING who had been an American general before defecting to the British Army.
The tribal court found the young woman guilty of numerous TRANSGRESSIONS.
maligned; spoken very badly of
The dictator was VILIFIED by the press for many decedes of oppressive policies.
My dog walks around with such a regal expression, you would think she had an ARISTOCRATIC background.
Scholars have yet to agree about the authorship of some of the works in the Shakespearean CANON.
highly productive; fecund
She was a PROLIFIC artist, often producing as many as three canvases per week.
Last year, Jackson published a massive TOME summarizing the major battles of the U.S. Civil War.
continued at full strength
UNABATED even after three hours, the storm continued to batter the little house.
deeply respected; revered
The old general was VENERATED by his troops.
argue (in support of)
Jerome wanted to become a congressman so that he could ADVOCATE for the people's interests.
During the discussion, Beverly had become so BOMBASTIC that even those who supported her point of view grew weary of her speeches.
conciseness of expression
BREVITY is called for in this situation, because we are running short of time.
I admit that my car isn't beautiful, but to call it the ugliest and most useless piece of machinery you've ever seen is just plain HYPERBOLE.
Once you have achieved great success, the more UNASSUMING you are in your dealings with people, the more they will respect you.
overflowing; completely full
Sometimes I am envious of the way children wake up every morning BRIMMING with energy.
troubling; causing uneasiness
The teacher found it somewhat DISCONCERTING that his best student did so poorly on the most recent test.
followed as a result
The two men argued for a long time before one shoved the other and a fistfight ENSUED.
by chance; fortunately
While driving across town, the engine of Brittany's car suddenly cut off; FORTUITOUSLY, she rolled to a stop less than 50 yards from a garage.
From his MOROSE expression I could tell that he was depressed.
He plays guitar quite well for a NEOPHYTE.
trivial; of no value
Because nobody enforces this particular regulation, industry leaders consider it NUGATORY.
It is not easy to negotiate a compromise with an OBSTREPEROUS person.
It seems rather OFFICIOUS of Jack to be constantly poking his nose into Adrianna's business and telling her what to do.
thinking again and again about a topic
You will never catch Tricia RUMINATING about how to handle a difficult situation; rather she acts decisively and never second-guesses herself.
Agency leaders hope to function in a more AUTONOMOUS way once the new legislation is passed, ratherthan continuing to rely on each other for support.
People who are at complete peace with themselves can face the world with complete EQUANIMITY.
No matter how hard I tried, I was unable to MOLLIFY the angry woman.
The more we talked, the more we got on each other's nerves; I have to admit that we were both awfully PETULANT.
Jada has a PROPENSITY to overthink her homework assignments.
easily managed or controlled
Because Henry was so TRACTABLE, his boss often took advantage of him.
With a FATUOUS smile, the student walked up to the blackboard and proceeded to write down the wrong answer to the teacher's question.
prevent; ward off
The president's economic advisors held an emergency meeting to discuss how to FORESTALL the country's imminent financial crisis.
This particular corporation has a nasty tendency to GOUGE its clients at every opportunity.
Watkins' argument before the high court was remarkable for both its passion as well as its LUCIDITY.
ridiculous; absurd and laughable
Lonnie has never stolen anything in his entire life; the allegation that he took Rosalind's purse is completely LUDICROUS.
Because of his great size, a scowling expression, and the prominent scar on one cheek, John had a rather MINATORY appearance.
Wearing a helmet while riding a bicycle can OBVIATE the risk of injury.
trivial complaints or objections
As the committee worked together on a draft of the document, there were numerous QUIBBLES about minor details of the wording.
Like a REFRACTORY child, the patient refused to take his medicine.
Once the floodwaters had SUBSIDED, the engineers were able to evaluate the extent of the damage.
emotional distress due to error or failure
Much to her CHAGRIN, Melissa realized that her comment had deeply offended their host.
If you listen to the tape closely, you can hear Tammy and Cyndi whispering FURTIVELY in the background.
The two committee members kept on quibbling over a trivial point, thereby PROTRACTING the meeting.
spoke haltingly, with unintended pauses and repetitions
The witness was clearly intimidated by the atmosphere of the courtroom and consequently STAMMERED through most of his testimony.
Once the tenants had VACATED the apartment, the landlord was able to replace the carpeting.
The neurosurgeon began the delicate process of removing the tumor, fully COGNIZANT of the fact that the slightest mistake could cause further damage.
After failing three classes last semester, Blake became DESPONDENT and decided to drop out of college.
revealed secret or private information
Jim's wife wanted to know exactly how much information he had DIVULGED to friends about their last quarrel.
requires; logically implies
Being the accountant for this particular company ENTAILS more than the usual range of responsibilites.
If you continue to GOAD Darla with complaints about her attitude, she is likely to respond by becoming even less cooperative.
announced; formally declared
Today the leaders of the two countries PROCLAIMED that a new era of peace between them had arrived.
capable of recovering easily
Because she is so RESILIENT, I'm sure Debbie will overcome this latest setback.
Efforts by the two senators to gather suppport for their tax reform bill were STYMIED by a lck of public support for the bill.
They VACILLATED too long and the opportunity was lost.
Phil was deeply involved in every aspect of his son's life, and his mood was closely linked to his son's successes and failures; many people thought that Phil was living VICARIOUSLY through the boy.
disorderly mix; clutter
Abe's desk was a WELTER of books, articles, and papers, along with photographs of his three children, an ashtray or two, and the occasional soda can.
Even at home, the executive exhibited a disturbingly AUTOCRATIC personality; at all times he expected compliance from his wife and obedience from his children.
Did the soldiers volunteer for this assignment, or were they COERCED by their commanding officer?
elaborate public display
The third graders at Kelley's school put on a delightful PAGEANT to celebrate the arrival of spring.
conscious; able to perceive
Bill was an avid astronomer and science-fiction buff who hoped that someday SENTIENT beings would be discovered on some distant planet.
Our trip to southern Italy last summer was absolutely SUBLIME.
A hint of desperation crept into her voice as Janet ENTREATED the ticket agent to sell her a seat on the next flight.
Carly's diamond-encrusted pendant is one of the largest and most GAUDY pieces of jewelry I have seen in years.
temporart break; gap
Jean is taking a little HIATUS from work this week in order to attend to some personal matters.
overly dramatic and emotional behavior
I wasn't impressed by the actor's HISTRIONICS; I felt that he exaggerated his character's inner torment to the point of caricature.
not readily noticed
An experienced spy knows how to be present and yet INCONSPICUOUS.
The Yanomamo are an INDIGENOUS people who live in the upper Amazon region of South America.
emerging; coming into being
Last year Marquis started his own consulting firm; he worked long hours at first as he sought to attract clients to his NASCENT business.
a set of names and rules for naming
Having learned the NOMENCLATURE for describing the various types of beer, Ralph enjoyed showing off his newfound knowledge to his friends.
It amazes me sometimes how OBLIVIOUS my young son can be to the fact that one of his shoelaces is untied, or that he has peanut butter smeared on his pants, or that he has put his shirt on backwards.
persistent; holding fast
If you are sufficiently TENACIOUS, you can achieve almost anything.
Although as a child he had been bitten by a rattlesnake there, Dan's fondness for TRAVERSING the Arizona desert was as strong as it had ever been.
willingly refrained from
Sid always ABSTAINED from alcohol on the night before an important exam.
fearless; recklessly daring
Briar's plan to hike the Italian Alps by herself next summer is quite AUDACIOUS!
reputation for evil
After his conviction for allowing prisoners to be both verbally and physically abused, the warden's INFAMY quickly grew throughout the state.
The man's INIQUITY was reflected in his extensive history of theft and assault.
sexually immoral; lacking in moral restraint
The president of the school board has been accused of being LICENTIOUS, but he is in fact a devoted and faithful husband.
When I saw how HAPHAZARDLY computer parts were strewn across Kayla's desk, I began to question whether I should allow her to fix my own computer.
The student demonstrated his HUMILITY by approaching the master quietly and addressing the old man in the most respectful language.
Alma demonstrated great INGENUITY by deriving the formula before anyone else in the class was even halfway finished.
seemingly indifferent; cool and casual
With their deadline rapidly approaching, the other members of the research team found Myra's NONCHALANT attitude to be rather annoying.
The day after George proposed, Liza showed up at work wearing the large and OPULENT ring he had given her.
densely packed group; crowd
A THRONG of people gathered at the scene of the accident.
J.T.'s habit of teasing customers during their initial contact with him is an UNORTHODOX approach to selling cars.
I don't want a plain old monochromatic suit; show me something bright and VARIEGATED.
charming in a childlike way
My cousin's son is the most delightful, WINSOME little boy.
sarcastic; momentarily twisted
With a WRY smile, Jake explained that he had been fired because he performed his job too well.
exceptionally bad; brutal
In my opinion, her behavior was ATROCIOUS and deserving of severe punishment.
Whereas most boxers have flattened noses after many years in the ring, Mike's nose was rather BULBOUS.
reddish; excessively ornamented
Paul's face was quite FLORID after spending all day out in the sun,
The lizard's tail PROTRUDED from behind the rock.
He had SURMOUNTED many obstacles on his way to a successful career.
Even when his team was winning by a large margin, Coach Brown's halftime speeches were always strongly HORTATORY.
initial; formally marking a beginning
He planned to attend the INAUGURAL ceremony marking the opening of his best friend's charter school.
In teaching his students carpentry, Steve tries to INCULCATE in them respect for the materials and an appreciation of the craft.
Gifts from its most MUNIFICENT citizens have allowed the town to remodel city hall.
favoritism toward family or friends by someone in power
As his uncle is vice president of our company, it seems he got his job through NEPOTISM rather than his own qualifications.
"We need a new governor," OPINED Timothy, "and we need one now."
My interest is not in protecting the wealthiest citizens, since they can take care of themselves, but rather in promoting the common WEAL.
Alice is a ZEALOT about promoting clean energy whenever she can.