Newborn Care Flashcards Preview

Maternity & Women's Health > Newborn Care > Flashcards

Flashcards in Newborn Care Deck (20):
1

What does APGAR stand for?

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Resp effort

2

At what APGAR score are interventions needed for a NB?

< 7

3

Why is vitamin K given at birth?

to help with clotting and prevent hemorrhagic disease

4

How long can NB eye prophylaxis be delayed?

up to 2 hrs

5

Birth weight values:
1) LBW
2) VLBW
3) ELBW
4) Macrosomia

1) < 2500 gm
2) 1000-1500 gm
3) < 1000 gm
4) > 4000 gm

6

What is normal wt loss in a NB?

- in first 3-5 days
- up to 10% norm

7

NB returns to normal birth wt by which time?

day 10 - 14

8

How much weight should a NB gain after regaining its original birth weight?

approx 1 oz daily

9

How many oz in a pound?

16 oz = 1 lbs

10

What would be normal expected weight for a NB weighing 7 lbs?

- 7lbs x 16oz = 112 oz
ans: 112 x 10% = 11.2 oz wt loss

11

What is the normal length range for a full-term baby?

18.5 - 22 inches

12

Term for NB whose birth wt is below the 10th percentile?

Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

13

When does pseudostrabismus resolve in a NB?

3 - 4 months

14

What is choanal atresia?

blockage of the back of the nasal passage

15

What is the rooting reflex in a NB?

when they turn their head towards the source of a stimulus to suckle

16

What are Epsteins Pearls?

calcium deposits that feel like teeth in the mouth

17

When does the umbilical cord fall off?

approx 7 - 14 days

18

Which maneuvers are done to test for hip instability in an NB?

Barlow and Ortolani

19

When should calcium be started for a NB?

day after birth

20

How long prior to a circumcision is the infant placed on an NPO status?

2-4 hrs, unless breast fed, which can be done prior to as it may provide some analgesic effects