Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea and Bronchi Flashcards Preview

SCT1 Physiology Module 7 > Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea and Bronchi > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea and Bronchi Deck (24):
1

Name the structure of the respiratory system which houses olfactory receptors and has a rich blood supply?

NOSE

2

The nose contains sticky _________ which traps particulates.

MUCOUS

3

__________ cells move mucous from the nose to the throat (pharynx), where it is swallowed and digested.

CILIATED

4

What is one strange solution for a nose bleed?

POUND THE CALCANEUS

5

Name the 3 regions of the pharynx?

NASOPHARYNX
+
OROPHARYNX
+
LARYNGOPHARYNX

6

The nose is composed mostly of __________ cartilage.

HYALINE

7

The pharynx, responsible for air and food, is also known as what?

THROAT

8

The pharynx is a funnel-shaped tube located _________ the larynx.

ABOVE

9

The pharynx is located ___________ the nasal cavity.

BEHIND

10

Name the 3 functions of the pharynx?

1 - AIR/FOOD PASSAGE
+
2 - RESONATING CHAMBER FOR SOUNDS
+
3 - HOUSING FOR TONSILS

11

The inferior end of the pharynx opens into the ____________ posteriorly and the ____________ anteriorly.

ESOPHAGUS (posteriorly)
+
LARYNX (anteriorly)

12

Name the structure of the respiratory system which contains the epiglottis, protecting it at the top (food flapper)?

LARYNX

13

The larynx is ___________ to the pharynx.

INFERIOR

14

The larynx contains the vocal folds involved in voice production, making it also known as what?

VOICE BOX

15

The larynx connects to the trachea, and the trachea lies ___________ to the larynx.

INFERIOR

16

The trachea, anterior to the ____________, is also known as the windpipe.

ESOPHAGUS

17

Name the structure of the respiratory system which has fairly rigid C-shaped rings of hyaline cartilage, to reinforce and support its shape?

TRACHEA

18

The trachea is lined with __________ membrane to filter particulate.

MUCOUS

19

_______ sweep particulate out of the trachea to the throat for expectoration or ___________.

CILIA
+
DIGESTION

20

The hole in the centre of the trachea is known as what?

THE LUMEN OF THE TRACHEA

21

At which thoracic vertebra does the trachea divide into the right and left primary bronchi?

5TH

22

What is the name of the internal ridge where the trachea divides, or forks off into the left and right bronchi?

CARINA

23

What will be triggered immediately if any particulates hit the fork known as the carina?

COUGH REFLEX

24

What is the singular name for the bronchi, when referring to just one side?

BRONCHUS