Flashcards in Noun Cases Deck (35):
What are the major uses of the Nominative Case?
2) Predicate Nominative
What does it mean for a noun to be used in Apposition (in any case)?
It further explains the noun by clarification, description, or identification.
What is a Nominative of Address?
Used in the place of the vocative in direct address.
What is a Nominative of Appellation?
Used in conjunction with an address or title where a case other than the Nominative would be expected.
What is the difference between a Nominative Absolute and a Hanging Nominative?
Absolutes are grammatically independent uses of the Nominative and are used in introductory material (titles, headings, etc.).
Hanging Nominatives precede a sentence and serve as the logical, rather than syntactical, subject (e.g. "The victor: I will make him a pillar...").
What are the major categories of the Genitive Case?
What's the difference between a Subjective and Objective use of the Genitive?
These are verbal uses of the Genitive...
Subjective: functions as the subject of the verbal idea implied in the head noun, producing the action (e.g. Who can separate us from the "love of Christ"?)
Objective: functions as the direct object of the verbal idea, receiving the action (e.g. Have faith "in God")
What are the adjectival uses of the Genitive? (DAPPR CMS)
1) Description (catch all category)
6) Material or Content
What are the adverbial uses of the Genitive? (TPS CAMP)
1) Time or Place
3) Means or Agency
What verbs take a direct object in the Genitive?
Verbs of sensation, emotion or volition, sharing, ruling, or separation.
What's the difference between a Genitive of Means and a Genitive of Agency?
Means: conveys the impersonal means by which an action is carried out (e.g. tempted "by evil")
Agency: conveys the personal agent by which an action is carried out (e.g. blessed "by my Father")
What is a Partitive Genitive?
Denotes the whole of which the head noun is a part (e.g. one "of the boats")
What is a Genitive of Separation?
Indicates motion away from or distance, whether literally or figuratively ("from") (e.g. some will depart "from the faith")
What are the major categories of the Dative Case?
1) Pure Dative
2) Locative Use
3) Instrumental Use
What are the types of Pure Datives?
1) Indirect Object
2) Personal Interest--advantage/disadvantage
3) Reference or Respect
What is a Dative of Personal Interest and what are the subcategories?
Denotes the person to whose benefit ("advantage") or detriment ("disadvantage") a verbal action occurs. (e.g. adorned "for her husband"; he held a grudge "against him")
What is a Dative of Reference or Respect?
Limits the extent to which something is presented as true, qualifying a statement that would otherwise not be true (e.g. he died "to sin" once for all)
What is the difference between a Dative of Place and Dative of Sphere?
Place: in reference to the literal physical location
Sphere: in reference to the figurative or metaphorical location
In general, what is the difference between a Genitive of Time, a Dative of Time, and an Accusative of Time/Measure?
Genitive: expresses the kind of time or time during which (e.g. ..."early in the morning" they came to the tomb)
Dative: denotes the point in time (e.g. "On the first" day of the week... they came to the tomb)
Accusative: indicates the extent of time (e.g. And they rested "during the Sabbath")
What is the difference between a Dative of Possession and a Genitive of Possession?
Genitive: identifies ownership of the noun it modifies. (e.g. the house "of Philip")
Dative: indicates possession of the subject of an equative verb (such as ειμι or γινομαι) (e.g. the promise is "for you")
What is the difference between a Dative of Place and a Genitive of Place?
Genitive: indicates the location where an action occurs (e.g. After the exile "to Babylon")
Dative: pinpoints the literal physical location of a noun in the dative (e.g. they were sitting around him "in a circle")
What is the difference between a Dative of Means and a Genitive of Means?
They function the same...
Genitive: conveys the impersonal means by which an action is carried out ("by") (e.g. God is not tempted "by evil")
Dative: denotes the impersonal means by which the action of a given verb is accomplished (e.g. cutting himself "with stones")
What is the difference between a Dative of Manner and an Accusative of Manner?
Dative: denotes the manner in which the action of a verb is accomplished (e.g. he was speaking the word "openly" ["in open"])
What is the difference between a Dative of Agency and a Genitive of Agency?
They function the same...
Genitive: (e.g. blessed "by my Father")
Dative: (e.g. led "by the Spirit)
What is a Dative of Association?
Denotes the person or thing with which a person is associated or by which a person is accompanied. (often accompanied by συν) (e.g. buried "with him" in baptism)
What is a Dative of Cause?
Indicates the basis or reason of the action of a verb, whether external (occasion) or internal (motivation). (e.g. dying [because] of hunger)
What verbs take a direct object in the Dative?
Verbs of trusting, obeying, serving, worshiping, thanksgiving, or following.
What cases have a "Cognate" usage?
Dative and Accusative
What are the major categories of the Accusative Case?
What is a Double Accusative?
When a verb requires more than one accusative object to complete the thought. (e.g. ask him "for bread"; gave himself, "a ransom" for all)
What verbal form uses the Accusative Case for its Subject?
What is an Accusative of Measure?
Functions in essence like an adverb in that it specifies measure (time or space). (e.g. going "a little farther")
What is the difference between a Dative of Respect and an Accusative of Respect?
They function the same...
Dative: (e.g. he died "to sin" once for all)
Accusative: (e.g. they were pierced "to the heart")
What is the sole use of the Vocative case?