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Flashcards in nouns Deck (20)
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1

What are the genders that a Russian noun may have?

  • masculine
  • feminine
  • neuter

2

How may the gender of a Russian noun be determined?

Look at the last letter of the nominative (subject) form of the noun.

 

 

3

 If the last letter of the nominative form of a noun is a consonant, or “й”, the word is?

masculine
e.g. паспорт (passport)

4

If the last letter of the nominative form of a noun is “а” or “я” it is?

feminine

e.g. газета (newspaper)

5

If the last letter of the nominative form of a noun is “о” or “е”, it is?
 

 

 

 

neuter
радио (radio)

6

​If the last letter of the nominative form of a noun is is a soft sign “ь”, it is?

either masculine or feminine.
Дочь (daughter) 

7

What are the 6 cases (roles) that are used in Russian grammar?

  • Nominative case
  • Accusative case
  • Dative case
  • Genitive case
  • Instrumental case
  • Prepositional case

8

Explain the nominative case

Ivan gives flowers to Anna’. (Иван даёт цветы Анне)

Ivan (Иван) is the subject of the sentence and in the nominative case.

9

Explain the accusative case

Ivan gives flowers to Anna. (Иван даёт цветы Анне)

Flowers (цветы) is the direct object of the sentence and in the accusative case.

10

Explain the dative case

Ivan gives flowers to Anna. (Иван даёт цветы Анне)

Anna (Анне) is the indirect object of the sentence and in the dative case.

11

Explain the genetive case

 The genetive case Indicates ownership. (Eg. “Anna’s flowers”)

Anna is in the genetive case

12

Explain the Instrumental case

 The Instrumental case indicates ‘with’ or ‘by means of’. (“Anna writes with a pencil”)
pencil is in the instrumental case

13

Explain the Prepositional case

The Prepositional case is used after certain propositions. (In, on, at, and about.)

14

How are Russian nominative case plurals formed ?

Using the letters “и”, “ы”, “я” or “а”

15

Specifically, how are nominative plurals formed for masculine nouns?

If the nominative singular form of the word ends in a consonant, add “ы”.
Change the nominative singular form by 
replacing “й” with “и”
replacing “ь” with “и” 

e.g. студент becomes: студенты (student - students)

16

Specifically, how are nominative plurals formed for feminine nouns?

Change the nominative singular form by 

Replacing “а” with “ы”
Replacing “я” with “и”
Replacing “ь” with “и”

e.g. газета becomes: газеты (newspaper - newspapers)

17

Specifically, how are nominative plurals formed for neuter nouns?

Change the nominative singular form by 

replacing “о” with “а”
replacing “е” with “я”

e.g. здание becomes: здания (building - buildings)

 

18

Specifically, how is the accusative singular formed for masculine nouns?

  • If the noun is inanimate, there is no change.
    • e.g.спорт remains: спорт (sport) 
  • If noun is animate and ends in a consonant, add “а”.
    • Иван becomes: Ивана (Ivan)
  • If noun is animate, replace “й”, with “я”.
  • ​If noun is animate, replace “ь”, with “я”.



     

19

Specifically, how is the accusative singular formed for feminine nouns?

  • Replace “а” with “у”
    • газета becomes: газету(newspaper) 
    • музыка becomes: музыку(music)
    • Москва becomes: Москву(Moscow)
  • Replace “я” with “ю”

20

Specifically, how is the accusative singular formed for neuter nouns?

Inanimate nouns do not change (almost all neuter nouns are inanimate).

e.g здание remains: здание (building)