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Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (62):
1

What is the nutrient in meat?

Protein

2

What is the nutrient in bread and pasta?

Carbohydrates

3

Where do saturated fats come from?

Animal fats e.g butter and lard

4

Where do polyunsaturated fats come from?

Vegetable sources e.g sunflower oil

5

What is a macro nutrient?

A nutrient that is required in large amounts e.g carbohydrates and protein.

6

What is a micro nutrient?

A nutrient that is required in small amounts e.g Calcium,Potassium and Zinc

7

What are the main sources of Protein?

Meat and Dairy Foods

8

What is the function of protein?

To help the body grow and make it stronger and also give the body energy.

9

What are the effects of excess of protein?

Protein contains a lot of nitrogen which can be harmful to the body and can damage the liver and kidney when trying to get rid of it.

10

What are the effects of deficiency of protein?

Children won't grow properly, hair loss,skin and nails will be in poor condition, unable to digest food properly and can easily develop infections.

11

What are the main sources of visible animal fat?

Butter,lard,fat on meat

12

What are the main sources of invisible animal fat?

Cheese,butter in cakes and pastries,sausages,ready meals and take-away foods.

13

What is the main source of visible plant fats?

Vegetable fat spreads e.g margarine

14

What are the main sources of invisible plant fats?

Processed food e.g fast food and ready meals. Chocolate,cakes,biscuits and doughnuts.

15

What is the function of fat in the diet?

To provide a store of energy,protect the bones and insulate the body.

16

What are the effects of excess of fat?

You can become overweight and develop coronary heart disease.

17

What are the effects of deficiency of fat?

The body can bruise easily,get cold easily and you can become underweight.

18

What are the main sources of carbohydrates?

Bread,pasta,potatoes and beans

19

What is the function of carbohydrates?

To give the body energy and help the body get rid of waste products.

20

What are the effects of excess of carbohydrates?

If the body gets too much carbohydrates it will get converted into fat which can lead to obesity, it can also lead to tooth decay and increase blood sugar level.

21

What are the effects on deficiency of carbohydrates?

Tiredness,weakness in vital organs and weight loss.

22

What is the function of Vitamin A?

To keep skin healthy and help children grow.

23

What are the effects of deficiency of Vitamin A?

Skin becomes dry and infected.

24

What are the effects of excess of Vitamin A?

Can affect the development of a baby.

25

What are the main sources of Vitamin A?

Milk,cheese and oily fish.

26

What is the function of Vitamin D?

To help calcium be deposited in the bones and teeth.

27

What are the main sources of Vitamin D?

Meat products,vegetable fat spreads.

28

What are the effects of deficiency of Vitamin D?

Rickets so bones and teeth will not strengthen and legs will bend.

29

What are the effects of excess of Vitamin D?

Too much calcium gets absorbed

30

What is the function of Vitamin K?

Help blood clotting

31

What are the main sources of Vitamin K?

Green vegetables,cheese and liver.

32

What is the function of Vitamin C?

To help the body absorb iron from the small intestine.

33

What is the main source of Vitamin C?

Fruit and Vegetables

34

What are the effects of deficiency of Vitamin C?

Bleeding gums and losing teeth.

35

What are the effects of excess of Vitamin C?

Scurvy which can result in death.

36

What is the function of Calcium?

To make muscles and nerves work properly.

37

What are the main sources of Calcium?

Milk,cheese,yogurt and fish with softened bones.

38

What are the effects of deficiency of Calcium?

Bones and teeth can weaken and can cause rickets.

39

What are the effects of excess of Calcium?

It will be deposited into organs.

40

What is the function of Iron?

To make hemoglobin in red blood cells and carry oxygen.

41

What are the main sources of Iron?

Red meat,whole meal bread and green leafy vegetables.

42

What are the effects of deficiency of Iron?

Leads to anemia e.g tiredness and lack of energy.

43

What are the effects of excess of Iron?

Poisonous for the body.

44

What is the function of Sodium?

To help control water in the body and control nerves and muscles.

45

What is the main source of Sodium?

Salt

46

What are the effects of excess of Sodium?

High Blood Pressure

47

What are the effects of deficiency of Sodium?

Muscle Cramps

48

What is the function of Iodine?

To control the rate in which chemical reactions happen.

49

What are the main sources of Iodine?

Seafood,vegetables and milk and dairy foods

50

What are the effects of deficiency of Iodine?

Swollen neck and an unborn baby can get brain damage.

51

What is the function of fluoride?

To strengthen the bones

52

What are the main sources of fluoride?

Fish and seafood.

53

What are the effects of excess of fluoride?

Discoloured Teeth.

54

What are the effects of deficiency of fluoride?

Weak enamel on the teeth.

55

What is the function of Phosphorus?

To mineralise the bones and teeth

56

What can cause coronary heart disease?

Smoking,Diabetes,high cholesterol and high blood pressure

57

What causes high cholesterol?

An unhealthy diet and eating to many foods with unsaturated fats.

58

What does the shortening process make?

Shortcrust pastry

59

What is the texture of shortcrust pastry?

Tender and crumbly

60

In shortening, as you mix in the fat what have the flour particles been coated with?

A waterproof layer of fat

61

What is the first stage of shortening?

Mixing the butter with flour.

62

Why are the fingertips used during shortening?

Because they are the coolest part of the hand and the aim is to not let the fat e.g butter melt.