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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (20):
1

The process by which the body takes in food growth and repair

Nutrition

2

Makes new cells and rebuild tissue

Protein

3

Signs of good nutrition

Shiny hair
Clear skin and eyes
Well developed body
Good appetite
Regular bowel movement

4

Provides heat and energy

Carbohydrates and fats

5

Examples of carbohydrates

Fruits
Veggies
Grains

6

Six essential nutrients

Proteins
Carbs
Fats
Minerals
Vitamins
Water

7

What do vitamins do

Build strong bones
Promotes growth
Strengthens resistance to disease

8

Help build body tissues

Minerals

9

Must be ordered by the physician

Special diets

10

Need 2-3 quarts of this daily

Water

11

Water helps prevent

UTI
Constipation

12

The elderly have a decreased or increased sense of thirst

Decreased

13

When would you have a clear liquid diet

Postoperative
Nausea and vomiting

14

When would you use a full liquid diet

Residents with acute infections and conditions involving this digestive tract

15

When would you use a soft diet

Residents who have infections, fevers, minor swallowing difficulties, conditions involving the digestive tract

16

Soft diet foods

Soup
Cottage cheese
Toast
Fish
Cooked veggies
Eggs

17

When would you use a low sodium diet

Residents with chronic renal failure and cardiovascular disease

18

Difficulty swallowing food and liquid

Dysphasia

19

Excessive urine loss

Diuresis

20

Feeding directly into the stomach through abdominal wall

Gastrostomy