O'Brien's Stuff Flashcards Preview

Human Development > O'Brien's Stuff > Flashcards

Flashcards in O'Brien's Stuff Deck (66):
1

This is the study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities over the lifespan

Developmental psychology

2

Monozygotic twins are ? Dizygotic are?

Monozygotic = identical
Dizygotic = fraternal

3

This is the overall pattern of physical development, cross cultural

Human growth sequence

4

This is the sum of all external conditions that affect a person

Environment

5

This is the periods of heightened susceptibility to environmental influences

Sensitive period

6

These are issues affecting the developing fetus and become apparent at birth

Congenital problems

7

This is anything capable of causing a birth defect

Teratogens

8

Name the 6 teratogens.

1. Smoking
2. Alcohol
3. Lead
4. Radiation
5. Drugs
6. Diseases

9

This is found the first 2 weeks after conception; from fertilization to implantation of the embryo

Zygote

10

This is found 2-8 weeks after conception, development of major organ symptoms

Embryo

11

This is from 8 weeks after conception to birth; gains in size, weight and maturation of organ systems

Fetus

12

The Apgar scores range from 0-2, and happen between 1-5 minutes after birth. What features are scored?

1. Appearance
2. Pulse
3. Grimace
4. Activity Level
5. Respiratory Effort

13

What are the physical impacts/effects of a deprived environment?

1. Deprivation dwarfism
2. Failure to thrive syndrome
3. Physical and intellectual limitations

14

When performing a babinski sign on a patient, what will the baby's foot do?

toes will fan out

15

When being held, the infant appears to be doing what?

appears to be stepping/walking

16

How far away is the best distance to cradle a newborn/neonate due to their visual acuity?

9-12 inches away

17

Newborns/Neonates have preferences for what type of patterns? At what time can they track objects?

- complex patterns
- 1 day old

18

When is hearing activated? What are neonates more responsive to?

- prenatally
- responsive to higher pitched voices (prefer mother's voice to other females)

19

What is the most crucial sense in development of a newborn?

Touch (there was a lack of touch concern for preemies)

20

This is the biologically controlled development of the brain, body and nervous system.

Maturation

21

This means develop "head to tail", pre and post natally

Cephalocaudal

22

This means develop from the center of body to extremities.

Proximodistal

23

This is the minimum level of maturation required before some skills can be learned

Readiness

24

When does an infant hold chin up from laying on stomach position?

1 month

25

When does an infant hold chest up from laying on stomach?

2 mo

26

When does an infant sit with support?

4 mo

27

When does an infant sit up alone?

7 mo

28

When does an infant stand, using furniture?

9 mo

29

When does an infant crawl?

10 mo

30

When does an infant stand alone?

11 mo

31

When does an infant walk alone?

12 mo

32

When does an infant smile socially?

10 mo

33

When is the sensitive period for attachment to a primary caregiver?

First year

34

When is separation anxiety usually occurs?

end of first year to the 2nd year

35

What are the 3 levels of attachment?

1. Secure
2. Insecure-Ambivolent
3. Insecure Avoidant

36

This theory stated children are active participants in learning; they explore their environment.

Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development

37

This stage of Piaget's is when the child explores his universe; relies on sensory and motor ability; non-verbal; object permanence is established by the end of the period.

Sensorimotor (age 0-2)

38

This stage of Piaget's is when the child is "pre-logical"; use of symbols, words, representations, pictures; locial errors in conversation; egocentric

Pre-operational (2-7)

39

This stage of Piaget's is when the child uses logic; use of symbols; correctly answers conservation

Concrete Operations (7-11)

40

This stage of Piaget's is when the child can deal with abstract thought, hypothesize; not tied to concretes; can handle theoretical subjects (philosophy/physics);

Formal Operations (11-)

41

This is a mental representation, idea/concept

Schema

42

This is constantly adapting to new environmental stimuli.

adaptation

43

This is to force a new stimulus into existing schema.

Assimilation

44

This is to create a new schema for new stimulus.

Accommodation

45

This is the interaction of biology and environment in "coming to know"

Genetic Epistemology

46

In the nature vs. nuture debate, Piaget is an _____.

Interactionist
- he belives we cannot speed up periods of cognitive development

47

Stage 1 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Trust vs. Mistrust
- 0 to 2 years old

48

Stage 2 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
- 2 to 4 years old

49

Stage 3 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Initiative vs. Guilt
- 4 to 7 yo

50

Stage 4 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Industry vs. Inferiority
- 7 to 12 yo

51

Stage 5 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Identity vs. Identity confusion
- adolescence

52

Stage 6 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Intimacy vs. Isolation
- Young adult

53

Stage 7 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Generativity vs. Stagnation
- Middle Age

54

Stage 8 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?

Integrity vs. Despair
- Old Age

55

Phonetic expansion (babbling) occurs when?

4-5 months

56

This is reducing the number of sounds generated

Phonetic contraction

57

One word sentences occur when?

12 months

58

Two word sentences occur when?

By 2 years

59

This is speech that only uses nouns and verbs

Telegraphic speech

60

This is the dictionary definition of words

Denotation

61

This is how words are used in a specific culture/in conversation

Connotation of words

62

This is the meaning in language; what you're trying to convey.

Semantics

63

This is word order, grammar.

Syntax

64

This is the underlying meaning/message.

Deep structure of language

65

This is words in a sentence/surface

Surface structure of language

66

___ language is greater than ___ language.

Receptive language is greater than expressive language