Flashcards in O'Brien's Stuff Deck (66):
This is the study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities over the lifespan
Monozygotic twins are ? Dizygotic are?
Monozygotic = identical
Dizygotic = fraternal
This is the overall pattern of physical development, cross cultural
Human growth sequence
This is the sum of all external conditions that affect a person
This is the periods of heightened susceptibility to environmental influences
These are issues affecting the developing fetus and become apparent at birth
This is anything capable of causing a birth defect
Name the 6 teratogens.
This is found the first 2 weeks after conception; from fertilization to implantation of the embryo
This is found 2-8 weeks after conception, development of major organ symptoms
This is from 8 weeks after conception to birth; gains in size, weight and maturation of organ systems
The Apgar scores range from 0-2, and happen between 1-5 minutes after birth. What features are scored?
4. Activity Level
5. Respiratory Effort
What are the physical impacts/effects of a deprived environment?
1. Deprivation dwarfism
2. Failure to thrive syndrome
3. Physical and intellectual limitations
When performing a babinski sign on a patient, what will the baby's foot do?
toes will fan out
When being held, the infant appears to be doing what?
appears to be stepping/walking
How far away is the best distance to cradle a newborn/neonate due to their visual acuity?
9-12 inches away
Newborns/Neonates have preferences for what type of patterns? At what time can they track objects?
- complex patterns
- 1 day old
When is hearing activated? What are neonates more responsive to?
- responsive to higher pitched voices (prefer mother's voice to other females)
What is the most crucial sense in development of a newborn?
Touch (there was a lack of touch concern for preemies)
This is the biologically controlled development of the brain, body and nervous system.
This means develop "head to tail", pre and post natally
This means develop from the center of body to extremities.
This is the minimum level of maturation required before some skills can be learned
When does an infant hold chin up from laying on stomach position?
When does an infant hold chest up from laying on stomach?
When does an infant sit with support?
When does an infant sit up alone?
When does an infant stand, using furniture?
When does an infant crawl?
When does an infant stand alone?
When does an infant walk alone?
When does an infant smile socially?
When is the sensitive period for attachment to a primary caregiver?
When is separation anxiety usually occurs?
end of first year to the 2nd year
What are the 3 levels of attachment?
3. Insecure Avoidant
This theory stated children are active participants in learning; they explore their environment.
Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development
This stage of Piaget's is when the child explores his universe; relies on sensory and motor ability; non-verbal; object permanence is established by the end of the period.
Sensorimotor (age 0-2)
This stage of Piaget's is when the child is "pre-logical"; use of symbols, words, representations, pictures; locial errors in conversation; egocentric
This stage of Piaget's is when the child uses logic; use of symbols; correctly answers conservation
Concrete Operations (7-11)
This stage of Piaget's is when the child can deal with abstract thought, hypothesize; not tied to concretes; can handle theoretical subjects (philosophy/physics);
Formal Operations (11-)
This is a mental representation, idea/concept
This is constantly adapting to new environmental stimuli.
This is to force a new stimulus into existing schema.
This is to create a new schema for new stimulus.
This is the interaction of biology and environment in "coming to know"
In the nature vs. nuture debate, Piaget is an _____.
- he belives we cannot speed up periods of cognitive development
Stage 1 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Trust vs. Mistrust
- 0 to 2 years old
Stage 2 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
- 2 to 4 years old
Stage 3 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Initiative vs. Guilt
- 4 to 7 yo
Stage 4 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Industry vs. Inferiority
- 7 to 12 yo
Stage 5 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Identity vs. Identity confusion
Stage 6 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Intimacy vs. Isolation
- Young adult
Stage 7 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Generativity vs. Stagnation
- Middle Age
Stage 8 of Erikson's Theory of Psycho-Social development is what?
Integrity vs. Despair
- Old Age
Phonetic expansion (babbling) occurs when?
This is reducing the number of sounds generated
One word sentences occur when?
Two word sentences occur when?
By 2 years
This is speech that only uses nouns and verbs
This is the dictionary definition of words
This is how words are used in a specific culture/in conversation
Connotation of words
This is the meaning in language; what you're trying to convey.
This is word order, grammar.
This is the underlying meaning/message.
Deep structure of language
This is words in a sentence/surface
Surface structure of language