O Chem 1 Reactions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in O Chem 1 Reactions Deck (26)
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1

Tert-butoxide

Turns Br into a less substituted double bond

2

SOCl2

Turns OH into Cl

Substitution reaction

3

PBr3

Turns OH into Br

Substitution reaction

4

POCl3 and pyridine

Removes OH and makes DB

Elimination reaction

5

Alkene: H2 and Pdc

2 H's add syn

6

Alkene: HX

X adds to more substituted carbon, syn or anti

7

Alkene: X2

X add to each DB carbon, syn or anti

8

Alkene: X2 and H2O

Oh adds to more sub and H adds to less sub

9

Alkene: OSO4 and NaHSO3

2 OH's add syn

10

Alkene: O3

A ketone or aldehyde forms on each DB carbon

11

Alkene: H2O and H2SO4

OH forms on more sub carbon

12

Alkene: BH3, H2O2, KOH

OH forms on less sub carbon

13

Alkyne: H2 and Pdc

2 H's on each carbon --> SB

14

Alkyne: H2 and Lindlar's

TB --> DB H's add syn

15

Alkyne: Na, NH3 or Li, NH3

TB --> DB H's add anti

16

Alkyne: HX

2 X's add to more sub carbon

17

Alkyne: X2

2 X's add to each TB carbon

18

Alkyne: O3

Carboxylic acids form on each TB carbon

19

Alkyne: H2O and H2SO4

Ketone forms on more sub carbon

20

Alkyne: BH3, H2O2, KOH

Aldehyde forms on less sub carbon

21

McPBA

Adds epoxide when OH and X are anti

22

LAH

removes X

Removes OTs

Opens epoxide @ less sub carbon

23

CrO3 and H2SO4 with alcohol

Primary alcohols --> carboxylic acids

Secondary/ tertiary alcohols --> ketones

24

PCC with alcohol

OH becomes ketone or aldehyde

25

NaH

Makes epoxide

*Deprotonates OH to add carbons

26

NaNH2

*Deprontonates OH to add carbons

Makes TB from anti X's